You may have probably come across
that a politician or a lawmaker says that he or she passed an enactment since
it was beneficial for the large number of residents. Maybe you have heard
somebody saying that their activities and actions are ethically correct since
it benefit to most of the people. This logic is known as utilitarianism. Utilitarianism is the approach that
considers the good or bad consequences of any actions, especially the greatest
good for the greatest number. It is the
belief that the sole standard of morality is determined by its usefulness.
Utilitarianism has been embraced by so many simply because it seems to make a
good deal of sense and seems relatively simple to apply. In any case, when it
was first proposed, utilitarianism was a radical theory. This approach focuses
on results rather than rules. Ultimately the focus on the results demolished
Every individual has their own
intuition and that is the reason they are able to differentiate between the
good and the bad. If your own intuition allows you to make the decision even if
the majority is benefitting, would you?
Moreover, each individual has their
own opinions and invalidating one’s opinion or disregarding it is a crime in
itself. What about the minorities that are facing oppression or being
sacrificed for the benefit of others? We can take this approach and study it in
two aspects. Is it ethical if the minorities agree to it? Then we need to get
proof and all but if the minorities are not agreeing to anything and their
rights are being harmed then it is ultimately the worst decision one could make
because not only is it unethical but it also effects the happiness and isn’t
happiness the ultimate goal in everyone’s life. How can you be happy yourself
if you’re not regarding anyone else’s happiness.
But when catered to it from other
approaches, it can be argued that this approach is in fact ethical. Take for
example the deontological approach according to which any act is unethical as
long as it is being practiced by the majority but is it really?
What if you were the one being
subjected in a situation? Would you still want to perform that act? Your idea
of ethicality varies from situation to situation and also from to person to
person. This is the reason there can never be a definitive answer.
Compared to other approaches and in
context to the situation, yes indeed it is ethical but on its own, it is
debatable and in my opinion not really ethical.