The aesthetic analysis of a
building’s external form refers to the aesthetic aspects of buildings.
Aesthetics is one of the important principles of architecture to be understood
by the students and professionals as a philosophy behind a pleasing appearance.
There are some rules, principles,
guidelines for achieving aesthetic feelings in art and architecture.
Architecture makes use of them in order to create effective forms, interesting
volumes, surfaces, and masses. Artistic composition takes place according to
aesthetic principles such as; proportion and scale, unity, variety, balance,
rhythm, emphasis and focal point, contrast, hierarchy which have the large
impact on architectural design. (burden,
2000; Roth & Pentak, 2011).It is necessary to
develop a visual awareness to identify how these principles are used in the
composition of everyday design.
v Balance: Refers to the equalization of elements in a work of art. This
is either Actual and Implied, Actual balance is a phenomenon of nature ruled by
gravity, operating in real space.
Implied balance is a virtual or implied condition involving one’s
awareness of actual gravity and balance(aesthetic factors of visual weight .There are three kinds of
-symmetrical- formal, when left and
right sides are mirror images. Correspondence across a divide. Radial symmetry
is based on symmetry around a central axis. Trees, flowers.
Spherical symmetry is the condition of having similar form arranged
regularly around a single point.
Dynamic Form asymmetry is based on different arrangements of parts. Where
equilibrium is achieved by the balance differences in the art elements within a
v Unity/ Harmony: is
achieved when the whole is more important than the parts the appearance of
oneness, wholeness. Using a similar shape, lines, textures, and patterns to
create harmony. A unified design may be – A simple monolith or mass and Many forms or objects brought together to
construct a coherent whole.
v Variety: It is achieved through diversity and
change. Using different line types, colors, textures, shapes.
v Repetition: Three repetition methods:
repetition, patterns, and rhythm.
Repetition of an element of art (i.e., shapes, lines, or colors) to
achieve a visual beat (Rhythm) or to create a decorative effect (pattern).
Repetition is the
simplest element that is repeated. Repetition Visual and Structural Repetitive
elements in three-dimensional work often provide structural stability as well
as visual unity. gives a composition unity, continuity, flow and emphasis