The Host Of Community Perception Towards Tourism Development Tourism Essay

Over the past few old ages, Grand-Baie witnessed an addition in touristry development and the figure of international tourers. Though touristry development plays an of import function in heightening economic systems, touristry development may conflict with the part ‘s conservative traditions and civilization. The intent of this research is to place the attitudes and perceptual experiences of occupants of Grand Baie towards touristry development based on socio-cultural facet by: ( 1 ) using Ap & A ; Crompton ‘s ( 1998 ) , ( 2 ) mensurating societal or cultural environments, and the occupants ‘ credence of visitants, ( 3 ) by placing occupant attitudes based upon demographic factor.

Respondents were selected utilizing a random trying technique to finish a study instrument. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis, independent t-tests and One manner Annova were used to depict informations and to better understand resident attitudes. Survey findings reveal that occupant attitudes differed harmonizing to respondents ‘ age, length of abode, and ethnicity, peculiarly with regard to perceptual experiences of alteration in local services and natural environment.

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Recognitions

A undertaking of this magnitude is non an single enterprise. Consequently, I dedicate this mini thesis to the many persons who provided support, encouragement and aid for its realisation. A really particular gratitude goes to my squad members, Mr. Shaktisham Soobhow and Miss Anousha Keetaruth for their support and input.

I would besides wish to thank my lector, Associate Professor Ramesh Durbarry, Head of School of Sustainable Development and Tourism, for his helpful input and counsel which helped me every measure of the manner and enabled me to carry through my assignment demands

Last but non the least ; we are thankful to our parents and friends for their support and apprehension and besides the squad working at the Resource Centre of University of Technology for widening their aid.

Table of content

List of tabular arraies

Table 3.1: Types of Dataaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦ 16

Table 4.1 Respondent Profile

Table: 4.2 “ Host Community Perception based on a Socio-Cultural Aspect ”

Table 4.3: “ One Way Anova ”

Table: 4.4 “ One Way Anova ”

Table 4.5 ‘Host Community Perception Towards a Positive Socio-Cultural impact ‘

Introduction

1.0 Tourism in Mauritius

Mauritius has become a good known touristry finish the universe over with reachings lifting from 103,000 in 1977 to 915,000 in 2010 for the first trimester. Since the mid 1990s Mauritius more exactly the northern portion of the island has experienced a singular growing in tourer Numberss with international reachings duplicating. It is estimated that this tendency is holding a important impact upon host communities in Grand-Baie. Given the fact that touristry development can boom in an country merely with the support of the host community, it is thought that the perceptual experience of the host community toward touristry development and impacts serve as crucially of import inputs in placing the strategic and managerial precedences of the touristry sector.

The host community remains one of the most of import tools for the publicity and uninterrupted development of the touristry industry in Mauritius. Tourists have direct and changeless contacts with the host community and it is the attitude of the host that will find whether touristry development can be implemented or whether it is successful. Without the host community engagement, any touristry development that will be implemented will non be a booming one.

1.1 Problem Statement

It is really of import to research host community perceptual experience towards touristry because tourers have direct and changeless contact with host community. Besides, the measuring of the host community ‘s perceptual experiences of touristry development plays a critical function in the future success of a finish ( Sheldon and Abenoja, 2001 ) .

The benefits received from touristry development may non ever be plausible if the negative impacts, such as offense and traffic congestion, outweigh the economic benefits ( Chen, 2000 ) . hosts ‘ perceptual experiences toward touristry development are critical to prolong the growing of community touristry concerns. If the degree of hosts ‘ trueness to touristry development is high, the possible struggles between hosts and touristry constitutions should be avoided.

Host perceptual experience towards touristry development in Grand-Baie Mauritius is a really important because the touristry industry there is turning at a rapid gait with the development in that part. Since hosts are at that place to remain, as such their perceptual experience are cardinal to the smooth gait of touristry development.

1.2 Aims of the Study

The purpose of the survey is to analyze host community perceptual experiences on the touristry development based on socio-cultural in the part of Grand-Baie in Mauritius. Therefore, the aims of the survey are to

analyse the different constituents of host community perceptual experiences towards touristry development based on Socio-cultural facets ;

Measure the socio-cultural impacts of touristry development on host community

Measure the demographic perceptual experience of the Host Community on the touristry development.

2.0 Literature reappraisal

2.0 Introduction

Tourism is a merchandise that relies wholly upon coincident production and ingestion. The deduction of this for the finish ‘s host community is that it will come into contact with an foreign population during the production procedure. This contact can be good or damaging to the host community depending upon the difference in civilizations and the nature of the contact.

Tourism can develop and turn when host community has a positive attitude toward it and when they see their function in the procedure of the touristry development. At the point when a touristry finish is born, the quality if the life of the local hosts goes through extremist alterations, which are non needfully negative. Literature suggests that touristry development has created both positive and negative impacts on host communities. The most complex jobs that accompany touristry development, reside in the relationship between local host and tourer. Furthermore, there are bounds of touristry growing that are closely associated with the topographic point capacity and with the quality of life in the local community.

The most complex jobs that accompany touristry development, reside in the relationship between tourers and local host and besides the impacts on their society and culutre.

2.1 Tourism Development

Tourism development is an look that encompasses non lone finishs, beginnings, motives and impacts, but besides the complex linkage that exist between all the people and establishments of that interconnecting, planetary supply and demand system ( Pearce, 1989 ) .

In general, touristry development within a host community frequently impacts the community both in negative and positive ways. Resident ‘s attitudes will be positive if they can utilize touristry resources such as recreational installations or if they perceive that touristry development will protect or continue the environment ( Lankford et al, 2003 ) . Conversely attitudes towards touristry were found to be negative if occupants perceived the impacts as negative, or if the resources within a host community diminish as a consequence of tourer activity ( Lankford et al.,2003 ; Perdue et al. , 1990 ) . The host community perceptual experience toward touristry will be affected due to impacts.

2.3 Host community

Harmonizing to Sherlock ( 1999 ) , it is hard to specify the term “ community ” exactly ; however, the word can be used to mention to a group of people who exist in one peculiar location. Aramberri ( 2001 ) suggests that “ host societies are in fact communities, made of one piece ” . For Williams and Lawson ( 2001 ) community is defined as “ a group of people who portion common ends or sentiments ” . “ Host Community ” is peculiar is defined by Mathieson and Wall ( 1982 ) as the “ Inhabitants of the finish country ” . Similarly, Swarbrooke ( 1999 ) defines it as “ all those who live within a tourer finish ” .. In the visible radiation of the old definition, it can be concluded that a host community consists of all those people in the finish, whether they are homogenous or heterogenous and regardless of whether the impacts of touristry are good or otherwise.. However, the host is community is frequently the last to be notified of touristry development ( Thyne and Lawson,2001 ) and rather frequently they are non given a opportunity or encouraged to give their opinioin on touristry issues.

2.4 Relationship Between Host Community and Guest

A good relationship between local hosts and tourer is indispensable for the long term development of touristry finish. ( Ap and Crompton, 1998 ) . The relationship between host community and tourers is chiefly affected by the socio-cultural impacts that are caused due to tourism development ( Smith, 1995 ) . Smith ( 1989 ) conclude that contacts between tourer and host community if different cultural background take the signifier of direct face to face brushs between tourers and host of different cultural groups. The interaction between hosts and international invitees raises another issue linked to cultural tolerance. As argued by Bochner ( 1982 ) , the common apprehension between civilizations can make an chance for familiarity prima towards enhanced understanding and tolerance and, accordingly, cut down bias, struggle and tenseness between hosts and tourers. This type of contact is experienced by tourers when they travel from place civilization to a host civilization by hosts when they serve tourers from a foreign civilization. That is, both tourer and the host community participate in researching each other ‘s civilization.

2.4.1 Doxey ‘s Irridex Model

In 1975, Doxey devised a theoretical theoretical account in which it states that an addition in Numberss of tourers and a more developed touristry industry at the finish consequences in annoyance in the host community. In this instance the perceptual experience of host community vary from ‘euphoria ‘ ( a feeling of felicity or comfort ) to ‘apathy ‘ when locals start losing involvement in touristry ; to ‘annoyance ‘ after the figure of tourers and the unfavourable impacts have increased ; and eventually ‘antagonism ‘ ( a coevals of hostile reactions against touristry ) ( Cordero 2008 ) .

Although Doxey ‘s theoretical account is a utile attack towards placing the four phases of touristry development at a finish, it has been criticized for its restriction by Wall and Mathieson ( 2006 ) because it is a unidirectional theoretical account intended to stand for the full nature of the host community.

2.5 Host community perceptual experience towards touristry development

Research has been conducted for the convenience of tourers, while local community perceptual experiences and attitudes towards the industry have been given less of a precedence ( Murphy 1985 ) . Butler ( 1980 ) claimed that there is a correlativity between the development of touristry and the attitude of the domestic people towards the tourers. Positive attitude is bit by bit replaced by the negative attitude as the clip passes.

Analyzing host community attitudes and the ancestors of resident reaction can assist both occupants and contrivers ( Williams and Lawson 2001 ) .Williams and Lawson argued that it was possible to choose those developments that can minimise negative impacts and maximise support for the industry. By making so, on one manus the quality of life of occupants can be maintained or enhanced ; and, on the other manus, the negative impacts of touristry in the community will be reduced.

2.6 Tourism Impacts

Research workers in the early old ages of the 20 first century list an impressive scope of both positive and negative impacts on the host community as a consequence of touristry development ( Fredline and Faulkner, 2000 ; Upchurch and Teivane, 2000 ; Gursoy et al. , 2002 ; Besculides et al. , 2002 ) . The survey of impacts from touristry on local communities takes in a scope of literature that includes both the positive and negative effects of hosting tourers to a community. However, research workers agree that a necessary status of successful touristry development scheme is the inclusion of occupants of the full community if touristry investing is to give significant returns ( Allen et al. , 1988, 1993 ; Jurowski & A ; Uysal, 1997 ; Long et Al. , 1990 ; Snepenger & A ; Johnson, 1991 ) .

2.6.1 Socio-cultural Impacts

Tourism is a socio-cultural event for both the invitee and host ( Murphy, 1985 ) and the contact between host and tourers can be good or damaging to the host community depending upon the difference in civilizations and the nature of the contact.Tourism development besides affects the societal, cultural and environmental facets within a finish. Socio-cultural impacts are concerned with the “ ways in which touristry is lending to alterations in value systems, single behavior, household relationships, corporate life styles, moral behavior, originative looks, traditional ceremonials and community organisation ” ( Pizam & A ; Milman, 1984, cited in Haralambopoulos & A ; Pizam, 1996, p.503 ) .

Tourism development additions and promotes cultural exchange between tourers and occupants. Tourism can besides be a force to continue and regenerate the cultural individuality and traditional patterns of host communities and act as a beginning of income to protect heritage sites ( Easterling, 2004 ) .

However, the cultural alterations caused by touristry “ threatens to destruct traditional civilizations and societies ” ( Brunt & A ; Courtney 199, p 495 ) and to others it represented “ an chance for peace, understanding and greater cognition ” ( Brunt & A ; Courtney 1999, p.495 ) .

2.7 Factors Influencing Host community perceptual experience towards touristry development

To understand the ancestors of host communities ‘ perceptual experience towards touristry development, extended literature has attempted to analyze the influences of socio-demographics on attitudes, such gender ( Ritchie 1988 ; Weaver & A ; Lawton 2001 ) , age ( Brougham & A ; Butler 1981 ; Fredline & A ; Faulkner 2000 ; Madrigal 1995 ; weaver & A ; Lawton 2001 ) , length of residence ( Allen et al 1988 ) , Education ( Weaver & A ; Lawton 2001 ) . Those tried variables are classified as the intrinsic dimension which includes occupants ‘ demographic properties.

2.7.1 Demographic Factors

The usage of socioeconomic factors ( Harill, 2004 ) like income, ethnicity and length of residence to explicate host community perceptual experience has been widely used. These variables are included merely as standard point of study instrument.

2.7.2 Gender

Sing gender, it was found that adult female were more opposed to touristry development than work forces due to comprehend negative impacts, such as addition in traffic, noise and offense although admiting positive benefits, including community installations and regional economic benefits. In a survey in California, ( Harrill and Potts, 2003 ) besides found gender to be a important forecaster of touristry ‘s perceived economic benefits, with more adult females than work forces negatively disposed toward touristry development.

2.7.3 Education

It was found that more educated people holding more positive positions of touristry ( Weaver, 2001 ) . Hosts who have a touristry instruction background were more in favour of touristry because of the economic and societal betterments. In the context of Samos, Greece Haralambopoulos and Pizam ( 1996 ) indicated that knowing people were more correlative with positive touristry attitudes.

2.7.4 Age

Age has besides been explored as a factor in host community perceptual experience toward touristry development and received more attending as the babe boomers retire and seek tourer finish in which to work and hold holiday. Older hosts are by and large as favorably inclined toward touristry development as immature occupant ( Tomljenovic and Faulkner, 1999 ) . In add-on, older hosts are more tolerant of international tourers and less concerned about touristry ‘s inauspicious environmental impacts. However, a survey of Kusadasi, Turkey revealed that older hosts had more negative perceptual experiences than childs.

2.7.5 Length of Residency

Length of residence ( Girard and Gartner, 1993 ) found that for those host who has a 2nd place in the touristry development community appreciate the handiness of goods and services from increased touristry, but long term host community who stay for good in the community do non desire to see any increased in touristry development. Therefore, long term host had a less favourable perceptual experience of touristry than did short term hosts.

2.8 Drumhead

This chapter provided reappraisals of literature relevant to the present survey. The reappraisal provided the footing of the full research design. Furthermore, the reappraisal consequences would be brought into the Discussion chapter to compare the findings of the present survey with the bing literature.

3. Methodology

3.0 Introduction

This chapter provides the methodological analysis of the study envisaged on host community perceptual experience towards touristry development based on socio-cultural facet. In this vena, it represents the Southern Cross of the survey. It offers a model about how the research was carried out and elaborates on the questionnaire design and enumerates several restrictions refering to the study.

3.1 Research Design

For this research both primary and secondary informations were used.

Table 3.1: Types of Datas

Primary Research

Secondary Research

Questionnaire

Books

Academic Diaries

The research method used to roll up and analyze the primary information was based upon a quantitative attack. This is so because it made it possible for the respondent that is the host community to show their feeling and perceptual experience towards touristry development. For this intent, a questionnaire was designed and distributed to the targeted population.

3.2 Sampling Frame

This survey was conducted in the Northern part of Mauritius that is in Grand-Baie which is one of the major tourer finishs. As such, the targeted population for this survey comprised of hosts community of Grand-Baie. This is so because touristry development in Grand-Baie has reached the adulthood phase ( Butler Destination Life Cycle ) . There is a high concentration of touristry development in this northern small town comparison to the other part. 60 questionnaires were used for the study.

3.3 Questionnaire Design

The questionnaire was prepared following a reappraisal of bing literature covering with hosts ‘ perceptual experience toward touristry development based on socio-cultural facet. For this peculiar survey, the graduated tables from Ap and Crompton ( 1998 ) every bit good as Lankford and Howard ( 1994 ) were adopted and modified. An interviewee completed questionnaire was designed and it consists of 38 inquiries. The questionnaire was categorized into subdivision A, B and C, where A and B were measured utilizing likert Scale and C the respondent profile background. ( Refer to Appendix A )

3.4 Hypothesis Testing

The undermentioned hypotheses were tested:

H1: Tourism Development has an impact on Socio-Cultural facet

H2: Residents Perception towards cooperation between local people and touristry development differs across gender and degree of instruction.

H3: the degree of ill will towards tourists differs across length of residence and business.

3.5 Pilot Survey

To judge the cogency of the questionnaire a pilot study of 10 questionnaires were undertaken with host community to look into whether there is a proper and wide flow of oppugning. The figure of inquiries were reduced and besides the rewording of sentence.

3.6 Data Collection

An informal interview was chosen as a method of informations aggregation with the host community. Questionnaires were distributed door to door utilizing a random trying process. Interviews were conducted during the twenty-four hours so as to obtain a more representative sample within families. during the hebdomad twenty-four hours. The overall informations aggregation lasted for 1 twenty-four hours, with a sum of 53 questionnaires completed, which result in 88.33 % response rate.

3.7 Data Analysis

A figure of statistical processs were carried out for this survey utilizing the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. The socio-demographic factors like instruction, business, degree of instruction and gender were used as independent variables and the 32 Likert scale statements as the dependent variables. One-way ANOVA and descriptive analysis were used.

3.8 Limitation of Study

Normally, no study can see a perfect development. Similarly, the present 1 had to undergo certain restraints and was capable to assorted restrictions as exhibited below.

Host people were busy working.

They did n’t desire to show themselves as they felt abashed

3.9 Decision

This chapter provides a thorough account of how informations was collected, processed and analysed for the methods of informations aggregation. It gives further inside informations on the intent of the research and depict how the questionnaire was designed. Last, the sampling frame every bit good as the restrictions of the research was discussed.

4. Consequences and Findingss

4.0 Introduction

This chapter discusses the findings of the questionnaire study. It non merely deals with the single analysis of each inquiry, but besides compares one inquiry in relation to others and attempts to set up a nexus between the consequences found.

4.1 Profile of the Respondents

Demographic information about the respondents is provided in Table 4.1. Males account for a larger portion of the respondents, which is 50 % , following 38 % for female. More respondents were married, with a per centum of 53.33, and 28.33 % were individual. The bulk, 35.33 % were employed or working in the touristry sector, 23.33 % . Most of the respondents of Grand-Baie work in hotels nearby their house but besides many of them worked for themselves.

More than one half of the respondents, 65.33 % , lived in Grand-Baie for more than 15 old ages. Around 52.33 % reported that they have studied till School Certificate.

Table 4.1 Respondent Profile

Number

%

Gender

Male

30

50

Female

23

38.33

Marital Status

Married

32

53.33

Single

17

28.33

Divorced

2

3.33

Widowed

2

3.33

Occupation

Student

5

8.33

Employed

21

35.33

Retired

1

2.33

Own Business

12

20.33

Tourism Sector

14

23.33

Education

CPE

8

13.33

Scandium

31

52.33

HSC

10

17.33

Undergraduate

3

5.33

Alumnus

1

2.33

Length of Residency

Less than 5 old ages

2

3.33

5-10

11

18.33

11-15

1

2.33

More than 15 old ages

39

65.33

Entire questionnaire

53

88.33

4.2 Host community perceptual experience based on a Socio-Cultural Aspect

Table 4.2 illustrates the overall consequences of the descriptive analysis of subdivision A and B of the questionnaire, which in bend show that there is a important fluctuation ( harmonizing to the Mean and SD values ) between the perceptual experiences of the respondents towards socio-cultural facet harmonizing to the grade of exposure. The domestic people show a really positive attitude towards the increasing figure of tourers in the part at the beginning because they have high outlooks from the tourer in long term footing. Furthermore, from the tabular array itself, the mean is ranged from 4.81 to 2.57. Showing that the host community extremely accepts the presence of tourers in their country although the degree of tourer has increased for the recent old ages.

The consequences clearly shows that the presence of tourer in Grand-Baie aid for the preservation of esteemed memorial and besides the consciousness of the civilization. The host community of Grand-Baie stated that their tradition are non being affected at all, as shown in the statement 5. The analysis shows that the touristry development does non do adequate attempt for the tourer to be cognizant of the host community civilization. Furthermore, another ground why the host community perceptual experience is low is that the touristry development is much more net income devising.

Table: 4.2 “ Host Community Perception based on a Socio-Cultural Aspect ”

Factors

Nitrogen

Mean

Std. Deviation

1A

Residents accept the presence of tourers

53

4.81

0.441

2

There is awareness and acknowledgment of the civilization and heritage

53

4.28

0.744

3

Historical edifices are restored and protected

53

3.89

1.155

4

There is cooperation between local people and touristry development

53

3.96

1.270

5

Traditions of the local is affected

53

2.91

1.458

6

Local people alterations their manner of life

53

3.47

1.422

7

There is a assortment of amusement in the community

53

3.49

1.120

8

Tourism increases the degree of instruction in Grand-Baie

53

3.60

1.166

9

Tourism encourages some immoral behaviour of some people of the vicinity

53

2.57

1.352

10

Net incomes from touristry enticement kids in your community to go forth school at an early age

53

2.75

1.580

11

Tourism is the ground of some younger`s misbehaviour

53

2.98

1.337

12

Tourist make the attempt to understand your civilization and society

53

4.28

0.632

13

Tourism development give the chance to set your civilization on show

53

3.89

1.050

14B

Make you welcome the fact that tourer comes in your part

53

4.70

0.696

15

Is touristry merely a manner of net income devising or much more

53

4.36

1.058

16

Due to the figure increasing figure of tourer reaching in your part can you still back up the impacts

53

3.34

1.159

17

Do you experience that there is a feeling of ill will towards tourer due to those impacts by the local community really

53

3.28

1.215

4.3 There is cooperation between local people and touristry development

Table 4.3 shows the p-value every bit good as the F value obtained through an ANOVA analysis for both the Gender and Education Level. This analysis shows that there is a difference in the degree of perceptual experience that varies harmonizing to the gender since the p-value is less than 0.05 ( = 0.017 ) which confirms the statement that there is a difference in the degree of perceptual experience between male and female. In order, to find where the difference lays a Tukey Test was carried out ( Refer to Appendix B ) .

Harmonizing to the Post Hoc Test Table ( Appendix B ) , where work forces disagree with the fact that there is cooperation between local people and touristry development, we found that adult females strongly agree with the perceptual experience that there is cooperation between local people and touristry development which is contrary to what Harill and Potts, ( 2003 ) survey found. This is so because the p=value is less than 0.05 ( = 0.045 ) . The grounds for the degree of perceptual experience between male and female may change for different grounds.

First of all, Female may see touristry development in a more positively manner as with touristry development many adult females may happen it good for them because they are able to happen a occupation easy or profit indirectly with little concerns such as trade.

However, the perceptual experience do non differs across Education since the p-value is greater than 0.05 ( = 0.741 ) . This can reason that irrespective of the degree of instruction the degree of perceptual experience is the same. Harmonizing to the survey of Weaver ( 2001 ) which states that the educated people chiefly those who have a touristry instruction background are in favour of touristry development.

However, the survey made in Grand-Baie demonstrates that the degree of instruction of host community do non has an impact on the degree of perceptual experience. The ground for this may be because whether a host community is educated or non he or she may happen employment due to the touristry development taking topographic point in his vicinity.

Table 4.3: “ One Way Anova ”

Factor Item

Demographic Variable

F

Sig

There is cooperation between local people and touristry development

Gender

3.327

0.017

Education

0.493

0.741

4.4 There is a feeling of ill will towards tourer due to those impacts

Table 4.4 shows the p-value every bit good as the F value obtained through an ANOVA analysis for both the Length of Residency and Occupation. This shows that there is a difference in the degree of perceptual experience that varies harmonizing to the length of residence of the host in Grand-Baie since the p-value is less than 0.05 ( = 0.031 ) . In other words which mean that there is a difference in the degree of perceptual experience of those populating in the part of Grand- Baie. In order to find where the difference lies a Tukey Test was carried out ( Refer to Appendix B ) .

Mentioning to the Post Hoc Test Table ( Appendix B ) , where those populating in Grand-Baie whether life over at that place for a long clip or short clip, it has been found that they do non show a feeling of ill will vis-a-vis the tourer due to the impacts that tourism industry in the part brings in. This is so because the p=value is less than 0.05 ( = 0.016 ) .

However, the perceptual experience do non differs across Occupation since the p-value is greater than 0.05 ( = 0.952 ) . This can reason that irrespective of the work being done by the host community, the degree of perceptual experience is the same.

In other words, this demonstrates that the degree of Occupation do non has an impact upon the perceptual experience of host community. Reason why it is so is because whether they are employed or unemployed or working in the touristry sector, the host find touristry as good for them straight or indirectly.

Table: 4.4 “ One Way Anova ”

Factor Item

Demographic Variable

F

Sig

There is a feeling of ill will towards tourer due to those impacts

Length of Residency

2.909

0.031

Occupation

0.171

0.952

4.5 Host Community Perception towards a Positive Socio-Cultural Impact

Table 4.5 illustrates the different perceptual experience of the host community towards the different facet. The host community of Grand-Baie has a comparatively high positive perceptual experience towards the presence of tourer in the part as it benefit from different point of position. This is so because the tourer make an attempt to larn the civilization of the host community and besides they try to accommodate themselves to those different civilizations of the part. However, local people perceived that the cooperation between them and touristry development is non plenty. The touristry industry does non assist much in the degree of instruction in the country and besides the preservation of memorials is impersonal. But, the tabular array clearly shows that the host community perceptual experience towards the touristry development every bit good as the touristry industry is comparatively positive.

Table 4.5 ‘Host Community Perception Towards a Positive Socio-Cultural impact ‘

Statement

Mean

Residents accept the presence of tourers

4.81

There is awareness and acknowledgment of the civilization and heritage

4.28

Tourist make the attempt to understand your civilization and society

4.28

There is cooperation between local people and touristry development

3.96

Historical edifices are restored and protected

3.89

Tourism increases the degree of instruction in Grand Baie

3.60

Harmonizing to what hold been said by past research, this survey of host community perceptual experience towards touristry development based on Socio-cultural in the Northern part of the island, that is Grand-Baie puts frontward that every bit long as touristry development benefits the host community but besides have a positive impact upon the socio-cultural facet, the latter will hold a better perceptual experience towards it.

5. Decision AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.0 Recommendation

The undermentioned recommendations are suggested so that hosts do non comprehend touristry development simply as a measure towards economic development but besides as sustainable development that helps in the publicity of their civilizations and in protecting the environment.

First of wholly, the local hosts need to be included in the development programs and schemes. This is so because when host communities have negative attitudes towards tourers, the latter will non be willing to see that topographic point once more.

Second, more local installations need to be provided to the host community by the touristry development in order to heighten their civilization and besides there should more consciousness of authorization towards the engagement of host community in the development of the part every bit good as touristry development in

Third, the building of a cultural Centre will be a good manner to advance the civilization of the local and at the same clip to educate the local dweller about the civilization. With a cultural Centre, this will enable people to larn how to do trades, clayware, and kids can larn cultural dance.

Fourthly, hotels or any other touristry administration in the vicinity can form cultural activities like Festival Creole in the small town. Making hosts take part in those activities can assist in constructing community spirit among host community and at the same clip the touristry organisation is advancing the civilization of the people while supplying amusement to the patronage.

5.7 Decision

The purpose of the survey was to measure the perceptual experience of host communities towards touristry developments in the Western part of Mauritius through the usage of a touristry impact graduated table developed by Ap and Crompton ( 1998 ) and besides that of Landkford and Howard ( 1994 ) which have been modified to a 32-item touristry impact graduated table. The consequence of this survey has found that most of the respondents have a positive perceptual experience towards touristry development taking topographic point in their community chiefly because of its economic benefits. Therefore, it has been noted that economic development plays an of import function in act uponing the manner that hosts perceive touristry development. This happening tends to back up the position that touristry industry emerges as the most