Society is the machination that allows for humanity to grow and develop, but it also shifts in its nature, complexity, state, and output. A civilization always goes through a trend of growth, prosperity and decay due to external challenge and internal luxury entering different states of prominence. This can be seen through societal normalcy of expectations, societal entropy of standards, and causations of ingenuity via complication. The trends within a society can be characterized by three periods that last varying spans of time: an initial or recurring struggle, golden age and period of decline within its institutions. Structures and Standard of NormThe creation of a society’s framework is based on the values of the group. Such an example of a framework and values can be seen in the education system of China, which is denoted a “breeding ground for highly educated future professionals”, according to Internations.org (n.d.). This is due to cultural importance being placed on excellence and competition, in which the result is a high national IQ of 105 and a booming economy. This cultural importance on academic performance shapes the entirety of life in China and creates subsequent behavioral patterns in reaction to the value. In this instance, the standard behavior of striving for excellence is expected and is thus a norm in China. Standard behavior is partially determined by what the institutions of a society deem ideal and optimally acceptable. Thus, the structures of society are subject to the basic values of a society in terms of formulation. Structure of Traditional and Modern SocietiesTraditional and modern societies differ in structure and thus the state of the respective norms, values, and outputs. This is most prominent in the distribution of labour, which creates different outputs in accordance with productivity and opportunity for the society’s members. Since a society’s output is relative to the stage of the civilization, this indicates that traditional and modern societies are in different states of existence. For instance, in traditional societies there is a simple division of labour based on age and gender, whilst the division differs based on specialization in modern societies. This differing demonstrates that those in traditional societies are more self-sufficient in regards to the generalization of labour based on broad factors while specialization makes people interdependent on each other’s productivity. This interdependent nature maximizes output and augmentation due to the collective’s time being used more efficiently on the level of the individual. The different composition of a society creates different values due to the specific production and output capacities of the group. Phases and Symptoms of Progression The shift from a struggling society and prosperous society has a plethora of symptoms that indicates the norm being effective. Different stages yield different effects due to varying circumstances within the structure of daily life, and thus the trajectory of society alters in accordance of what comprises life under the value framework. Entropy and Loss of Norm The loss of the norm heralds a form of societal division and the lessening of output. Once a norm is lost there is no longer a minimally required output for any given member of society, thereby reducing the overall output due to a lack of direction. With no direction, anarchy is incited because there is no augmenting order that drives society via a sense of obligation to be successful and contribute.Values and Needs Cannot be MediatedIn regards to speedy progression, there are occasions where the new values and traditional needs cannot be mediated, thereby destabilizing cohesion until an equalizer occurs. If a society’s values and needs are not in synch or cannot be matched, the group may lose connection with external reality. Once there is no longer cohesion via agreement upon objective truth and reality opinion begin to reign over fact. This notion is dangerous because there is no longer a mutual understanding between people. Tribalism and the In-GroupHumans are tribal creatures that form groups for sake of both physical and social survival, which translates to adopting the values of the group. An individual may conform to societal norms to not be outcast from the group and to contribute to a group to feel valuable, which is a driving force of augmentation from a struggling society to a prosperous civilization. This cohesion is born from a basic survival mechanism that makes people reliant upon each other, and “in our desire to feel safe, we bond together with those whom we see as most like us so that we can protect ourselves from those who might do us harm”, according to Whitbourne (2010). If a group ensures that certain values must be adhered to for sake of functioning within the society, it also nearly guarantees that the individual will give credence to the typical values. As this is prominent, there is a grand amount of cohesive function in a society. As it decreases, there is a greater chance for the concept of inter-societal tribes to appear that reduce the society’s ability to cooperate. This is partially the causation for a decline in output due to the inability to focus on what is mutually beneficial. Perception and Ingenuity Ingenuity and innovation are the driving forces behind the augmentation of society into a golden age. Perceived issues are born from a lack of inherent physical ability to survive, which is why adaptation and invention are needed. This ingenuity is responsible for all stages of society, but the nature of the innovation determines what stage is apparent. Need Creates Innovation and IngenuityNecessity is the mother of invention, and necessity is born from perceiving external need or an issue. This necessity for invention can be supported by society to ensure that it remains beneficial in terms of longevity via it being denoted a pillar of a decent society. Specifically, it can be aided via “support for institutions of research” according to Wollemi.snw.edu.au (n.d.). Utilizing institutions of research allows a society to assess all forms of issues and topics that allow for targeted ingenuity to occur. If innovation is targeted and precise it can be regulated to a pace that is befitting of the sociological portion of a civilization to circumvent entropy wrought non-valuable growth. External needs help a society identify problems and thus invent solutions to those problems. If there were no issues and no need to solve predicaments, the society would be in stasis because it would not serve to utilize the energy required to devise solutions. Judgement of Issues into RegressionIt must be noted that the concept of an issue is relative to the perception of an individual and society, and thus are prone to become trivial once a certain state of luxury has been achieved. Due to the standard of output being lessened by a lesser necessity and the human nature of desiring to problem-solve the overall output becomes less over time. This decline eventually gives way to a new struggle due to a lack of valuable ingenuity. ConclusionThe concept of a society is one consisting of a myriad of variables such as size, values, external needs, state, and output. Civilizations go through phases of augmentation, abundance and atrophy due to the state of challenge and luxury being apparent within the society to conflicting extents and states. In these two opposing constructs of a society’s state, there is a period of struggle or ‘small growth’, prosperity or ‘optimal growth’ and decline or ‘entropic growth’. This notion was seen in norms, degradation of basic standards, and sources of innovation. Understanding the alterations of society can be deemed paramount in importance because it is the axis in which humanity either survives or thrives.