p.p1 has to know how to match the

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Pragmatics is a section of linguistics which studies how the meaning is affected by the context in the same manner with how sentences have to be understood in certain situations. This hence means how sentences are interpreted in any situation. Language is an important aspect for people on a daily basis. It is the mostly used tool to communicate between each other. Language is therefore used to convey ideas, feelings and thoughts. Language is a way that can create connections between nationalities that speak different or same language. But the most important thing when it comes to language and communication is that the meaning has to be understood properly (Sebastian, 2016).

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Pragmatic language skills include the use and understanding of non-verbal language which means body language, such as; an action performed to show a feeling or intention, facial expressions, and eye contact (Calderdale & Huddersfield, 2012). It also includes turn taking in conversation, listening to others and speaking when necessary. Using the appropriate volume, speed, intonation and body distance is also important when it comes to pragmatic skills. It is also important to know how to start and end a conversation. Whilst doing this one has to know how to match the emotion of the other person’s feelings. This means that if the person one is trying to have a conversation with is sad, it is typical to feel sorry for the person and to listen to what they have to say instead of laughing or not giving them a chance to speak. Pragmatic skills are mostly important because it involves the meaning of a context. There are instances when a misunderstanding barrier occurs during a conversation. It is highly important that the message the sender is trying to send has the same meaning that the receiver will eventually receive. If this will not happen, when a message is sent by a sender to a receiver, it might be interpreted wrongly in the communication process causing a misunderstanding between the sender and the receiver. Hence, if this happens it is required that repairing occurs and so when a conversation goes wrong the sender will correct the sentence so that the receiver will understand. Interpreting and understanding what the speaker intended to say is vital. If for example the speaker says “it’s hot in here”, the meaning is to open a window not just to state a fact. 

When we communicate with one another, it is taken for granted that others will join and cooperate in the conversation. This however, is not always the case. Therefore, it has to be taken into consideration that not everyone will take part in a conversation as easy as others and sometimes they have to be asked to speak up or to join the conversation. 

A speech act is an act that the speaker fulfil when making a sentence. We can ask a question, make a suggestion, order or request something, or even name or pronounce something. There are two types of speech acts which are the direct and indirect. A direct speech act is when a sentence has a direct relationship between and the communicative purpose of the utterance. An indirect speech act is an indirect relationship between the form and the function of the sentence (Hanson, 2012).