Le many experiments and found out when a

Le
Chatelier was a famous French chemist who was born on Oct. 8, 1850, in
Paris. Le Chatelier was the oldest out of five siblings and came from a Roman
Catholic family. His family consisted of architects, engineers, and scientists located
in Paris. Le Chatelier went to the Collège Rollin in Paris from 1867-1868 from
which he obtained his undergraduate degree. Le Chatelier later enrolled in the École
des Mines in Paris in 1870, but shortly joined in the army as a lieutenant
during the Franco-Prussian War. However; after the war, he later finished his
studies and graduated in 1873. In 1876 he married his wife Geneviève Nicolas,
and had seven children together. In 1877, Le Chatelier started to work as a
chemistry lecturer in École des Mines. Around the same time, he had grown an
interest in Frewhydraulic binding materials such as cements and
plaster. He conducted many experiments and found out when a cement comes into
contact with water, a solution is formed that yields an interlaced, coherent mass of minute crystals.
His knowledge made him a scientific expert at this field. In the early 1880s,
Le Chatelier researched about gas explosions and conditions that affect it such
as temperature and flame speed. He also assisted in the development of safer
explosives and improved general miner safety. His early work led him to be
intrigued with the applications of thermodynamics. While working with
thermodynamics in 1884, Le Chatelier formulated a general principle that
explained how systems in chemical equilibrium maintain their stability. This is
now known as Le Chatelier’s principle. The principle states that  a system is in a state of equilibrium and one
of the conditions is changed, such as the pressure or temperature, the
equilibrium will shift in such a way as to try to restore the original
equilibrium condition. This was a very remarkable discovery as it allows
scientists to produce products more efficiently by shifting a system to yield
more of the desired product. An important application of  le chateliers principle in real life is in
the Haber process. This process was named after Fritz Haber who invented it.
The process follows Le Chatelier’s principle that takes into account the
favorable conditions such as pressure, volume and temperature to maximize the
amount of product produced. Ammonia is used in many soil fertilizers and thanks
to Le Chateliers’s principle synthesizing ammonia is very efficient. Another application
of Le Chatelier’s principle is in the production of Sulfuric Acid. Sulfuric
acid is a very common chemical used by many industries such as agriculture and
petroleum industry. Overall, Le Chatelier’s Principle has impacted most modern-day
industries that produce chemicals because they all follow this principle to
make sure they obtain the highest yields from reactions. Le Châtelier was also involved
in other areas of research. He wrote many biographies and spent much time
working on articles on social welfare, as well as the relationship of science
to economics. In his later years, Le Châtelier devoted himself to teaching, working
at the École des Mines until he retired at the age of sixty-nine. He spent
a lot of his time directing his students research and during the first world
war he contributed to the reorganization of shell production in munitions
factories. He also devoted a large part of his later years developing the American
engineer Frederick Taylor’s theories on the scientific organization of work. He
spent the last of his days in Miribel-les-Échelles in France and died on on
September 17th, 1936.