This literature review investigates predicaments young individuals
tend to face during a low point of their lives before finding themselves. It
also examines how the media can negatively portray religion and the effects on
those who follow the discriminated religions. The study seeks to answer how
young induvial can find guidance’s by reforming themselves through moral religious
enlightenment. The goal is to challenge the root of one’s journey, which could
be a form of peer pressure, crime and religion.
Topic 1: Peer Pressure
Peer pressure is mainly thought as the pressure that an
individual feels to act in a certain way or makes choices in a way to “fit in”
with a group of people, generally around the same age. This can be influenced how
individuals dress, types of music they listen to, body language, using drugs,
cigarettes, alcohol, engaging in sex, religion and crime, (raising children network,2015).
Research has shown a greater increase in the number of children who started smoking
is 50,000 higher than the 2010 figure of 157,000 within the UK; of which 15%
came from peer pressure. Appendix A1 declares that 74.41% of people believe peer
pressure is negative more than positive. Based on the evidence the survey shows,
peer pressure is mainly thought to be negative. Furthermore, appendix A4 shows
that drinking is ranked the highest at 25.49%, followed by other at 25.49% and
taking drugs 9.80%.
peer pressure has shown that it is an issues that has developed from a face to face interaction to the newest
platform of digital interaction. Studies show that three-quarters of teens have
social networking accounts. In surveys (Secure Teen, 2016), teenagers report
that social platforms help them boost their confidence whiles growing up,
however apps like snapchat and Instagram which are all based on sharing images
are causing a great negative impact on lives of teenage girls.
Many teenagers, especially boys, feel
pressured to have sex before they are ready.
According to Kaiser family (2009) study shows
that, 33% of boys ages between 15-17 to have
sex, whiles 23% of girls between 14-18 feel pressured.
Topic two: Crime
The rise in crime is accelerating, with the
latest figures showing a 13% in 2016 increase in all police-recorded offences
across England and Wales, and even greater rises for violent offences including
knife crime, sexual offences and violence against the person.
causes of crime are criminal psychology, the genetic characteristics and social
environment. Society believes that youth criminal has no moral values and
feelings, who crime without clear motives and do not consider the punishments.
youngest commit crime?
There is generally no simple reason why
children become involved in offending. However, it is known that a number of
things can act together to make children more likely to commit crime. These
things include: difficult family
relationships, having friends who commit crimes, drug and alcohol misuse,
mental illness, social isolation and disruptive behaviour such as aggression,
hyperactive, bullying. Statics tell us that almost half of the 74,000 offences
were committed by children aged 15 or under. (Niall Coggan and Susan Mackellar,
2009) Four times as many boys are found guilty of, or cautioned for, indictable
offences as girls. Among girls, theft is by far the most likely crime to be
committed, accounting for two-thirds of all crimes by girls. By contrast,
although still the largest single category, theft accounts for just a third of
the crime committed by boys.
Matt Gonzalez expresses
himself and says “I believe that when we’re talking about kids who don’t have
opportunities, so they’re engaged in a certain degree of lawlessness, because we
as a society have failed them (Matt Gonzalez, NA). One believes that when we’re
talking about kids who don’t have opportunities, – Matt expresses the
importance of a foundation in every child’s life; the concept that without
discipline and rules layer by parents a child can in many ways feel derailed,
lost and miss guided. Which so they’re engaged in a certain degree of
lawlessness- kids become or are more susceptive to feel and look disorientated.
And in some forms, it becomes more than just the parents fault but society; as
the parents would in some forms also be missing a foundation of their own.
Topic Three: Religion
With over 179 distinct religions counted, the religious make-up
of the UK is diverse, complex and multicultural. London has centres of worship
for a multitude of faith. According to the 2011 Census reports, the largest
religious groupings are Christians with 48.4%, followed by those of no religion
with 20.7%. Islam is one of the fast-growing religion in London with 12.4%. what
does every religion have in common?
Islam, Christianity and Judaism have many similarities and many more
differences. All these religions believe in one God and have the same morals in
the way to live their life’s. How does Social media cause
Social media has portrayed religions in a negative way, which has causes
conflicted within society. Following
the recent topic which has flooded social media is ‘Islamophobia’- what does
this mean? (newsround,2017) Islamophobia is when Muslims are the victims of
attacks just cause of their religion. Some people have blamed all Muslim for
recent terrorist attacks carried out by extreme groups who say they follow the
religion of Islam. As media says that those terrorist groups have extreme
beliefs of hatred and violence that have little to do with what most Muslims
believe. The Holy book of Muslims (Quran) states “O You who believe! Enter absolutely into peace (Islam). Do not follow
in the footsteps of Satan. He is an outright enemy to you.” (Holy Quran: 2,
208). Analysing this verse from the Quran, this clearly states that Islam calls
for peace and fosters a life in absolute sincerity and honestly before God.
Topic four: Helplines
Unfortunately, there isn’t a
right way of dealing with peer pressure, but there are helplines which are
there to support those in need. Childline are a UK based helpline which can
help individuals with anything. This institution is a non-profit organization.
The aim of Childline is to provide over 300,000 counselling sessions to
children and young people in 2015- 2016. This is a 24/7 helpline which even
offers a 1-2-1 online chat. The
Childline website received over 3.5 million visits in 2015-16 and almost
140,000 new users registered for a Childline account.
What are the issues helplines
With helplines being the most used platforms, Kids helplines are going
unanswered because of rising demands for youth counselling. In an article by
(Sophia Scott,2014) she has elaborated that the request of children seeking
help through counselling or visiting website has dramatically increased from
640,000 to 700,000 between 2012 and 2013 which is a total of 10%. The main
issues teenagers are facing are very serious issues such as: suicide, mental
health, anxiety and depression.
In analysing this article, one may well be
convinced that there are not enough programmes which can help those suffering with
any issues, and if this is not acted upon, which will mean numbers will strike up
with people committing suicide.
Case study 1
different faiths together
The UK can be described as a truly diverse and
multicultural country, because of the immigration that has taken place over the
last fifty odd years. Unfortunately, not every religion in the UK is treated
equally. Focusing on one of the major topics that has caused religion and
cultural to have a negative impacted on society is Media. Why is it that social
media choses to highlight the negative accounts that link to religion in an
unfavourable way? Which then effects how individuals are judged on.
believer, Amir Cheema has worked tirelessly of the past 16 years dedicating his
spare time to encouraging young Muslim males and females, as well as young
people from different backgrounds to hold hands together and join the Scout
Amir does not really clarify the reason he
became a Scout, only point that “his own children benefited”. However, reading
this made one strongly believe why Amir’s mainly targeted this more for the
young generation looking at today’s society. This possibly could be that the
younger generation are more vulnerable and are a targeted audience as fingers
(Kelly Wallace,2015) show that teenager use social media nine hours a day,
which means they may believe what they see on social media, which isn’t always
simply began his journey volunteering at Scouts after seeing the life-enhancing
opportunities his own children benefited from and how interacting with other
groups of people from different religion and culture.
that Amir has elaborated on “Interacting with other groups”. This form of
interacting face to face is one platform which is not looked in much detail,
this is one way which will get youth off social media and interact with people
from different backgrounds, which will increase their level of understanding in
other religions and culture, which means when these young children grow up they
will have a different mind-set of other religions and cultures.
to his desired goals Amir has travelled across the country helping young
individuals developing new groups by providing training to communities who
might just be getting Scouting established with over 70 scout groups.
Scouting movement has been growing firmly, by 100,000 members in the past 10
years (Scouts,2017). In Amir’s own district
membership is increasing up to 3.5%, of the remarkable 500,000 Scouts in the
UK, 2,000 are Muslim. Out of 40 million Scouts world, 10 million are Muslim. In
2015, Amir was awarded an MBE in the Queen’s birthday honours for his services
to the Scout movement.
remarkable that this movement is successful but yet growing and that Amir’s
work is at the heart of a wider ambition to unite our communities in the
service of others seeing help.
Amir has shown an extensive way of reaching out
to the youth and helping them interact with one another without stating the issue.
However, Media such as the news do not applaud those who are trying to make a
difference enough. Is it because they are people with different religions and
Case study two
Dubai, the country of no
limits / the mind opening country.
With the recent bomb attack
in Manchester Ariana, which is called a “tourist attack” according to
government terrorism advisor David Anderson.
Islamophobia is when Muslims
are the victims of attacks just because of their religion.
Islam is not a culture or
tradition, but it is a way of living a “peaceful” life.
As the attack was happening
dozens of Muslims in Manchester rushed to the rushed to help those caught up in
the attack. Muslim taxi drivers were offering free rides and many locals
offered up rooms for free. Muslim NHS workers worked throughout the night treating
those who were injured.
With almost 200 different
nationalities in Dubai, and a massive 10% of the population coming from outside
the country. Dubai is arguably one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world.
Comparing cities like London and New York that have taken many years to develop,
the manmade country has flourished much faster.
According to current
statistics (government of Dubai,2018) Dubai population is 2,988.225 which a
11.35% increase since 2015. The highest group of non-EU nationals are South
Asians with 58%, followed by other Asians of 17%. Even though Dubai is an Islamic
country but yet it is multi religious 25% of the population are Hindus, 10% are
Christian, 5% being Buddhist and 5% are a mixture of other faiths.
Why do tourist visit Dubai?
Welcoming the first country
with 7 star hotels, within no doubt Dubai is the fastest growing manmade
country, which attracted tourist from ever angel. The many reasons why tourist travel to Dubai,
because it is known for their skyscrapers such as Burj Khalifa, also a very big
verity of food heaven with hundreds of Arab, Persian, Indian, Filipino,
Japanese’s and many more. The one of the main attractions point for visitors
are the 300 days of sun.
Are tourist scared to visit
Dubai as it’s a ‘Islamic’ country?
There is a big difference
between being a Muslim, and being a Muslim extremist.
Analysing that Dubai is in a
Muslim country that is governed by Sharia law. This means that the interpretation
of the Muslim faith is enforced, but yet is every culture driven.
Dubai is built for tourists;
they have had millions of westerns visitors, Dubai makes tourists their main
priority, which is clearly shown as when tourist arrive at the airport, there
are many works which are from different parts of the world. According to (Charles
Starmer- Smith,2009) the foreign office lists four levels of threat: high,
general, underlying and low.
Each year from October to April, over five
million people visit the ever-popular Global Village. People from all over the
world come for the thrilling funfair rides, some for the food and many for the
nightly cultural entertainment, and many for the iconic authentic shopping.
Within the Global City there is more than 65 centuries within 37 lavish
pavilions showcasing their local products. This made up village is based on tourists
getting to know all types of cultures within one space and interacted with one another.