In the human rights—No unfair detainment. ” No

In this research I’m
working on one of the human rights—No unfair detainment. ” No unfair detainment
means no one shall be subject to arbitrary arrest detention or exile.”
(Arbitrary arrest and detention, 2017)  
This right is frequently violated in the world, in places like North
Korea, Africa, or even in democratic countries like Canada. The subsequent
contents illustrate where and how the right is violated and how is this right
being protected in Canada.
In 2016, this right had
been violated in North Korea. Of course, with strong evidences and the
fact that North Korea is a dictatorial country, this right had been violating
for a long time in there. But this time, it is significant due to its
international concern: Otto Frederik Warmbier, an American university student
who, while visiting North Korea as a tourist in January 2016, was arrested and
sentenced to 15 years imprisonment with hard labor after being convicted for
attempted theft of a poster from his hotel.

United Nation, who has
been working on protecting people from unfair detainment in Africa, Americas,
Asia, Pacific, Europe and Middle East for a long time, had held an investigation
questioning the death in jail of
 a newspaper editor in Cameroon.

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On 29 April, 2010, the
UNESO’s (UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) head calls for
an investigation into the death of Ngota Ngota Germain. Irina Bokova,
Director-General of the UNESO, had expressed her grave concern over the death
of Ngota Ngota Germain:

“The detention and death of journalists represents a loss for
any society; the loss of a pair of eyes and of a voice that can inform the
public about issues that concern us all, I trust that the authorities will do
all they can to shed light on this tragic death and on the conditions of Ngota Ngota Germain’s
detention.”  (Director-General calls for investigation into death in jail
of Cameroon journalist Ngota Ngota Germain, 2010)                           

                                      

 

 

While the organisation were fighting for this rights,  there are also individuals that are also
fighting for their rights.

 

XiaoBo Liu, a
literary critic, who took part in a series of human rights activities in China.
In 2008, he completed Charter 08 and earned the Nobel Peace Prize for it.
Charter 08 demands Chinese government to grant people with their basic human
rights, after the completion of the charter, he was immediately imprisoned by the Beijing Public Security Bureau,
and was detained
in solitary
confinement. On 23 June 2009, “Beijing approved Liu’s arrest on charges of
“suspicion of inciting subversion of state power.” (2008–2017 arrest,
trial, and imprisonment,

2018) The
unfair detainment of XiaoBo Liu, had triggered a series of the protests for
freeing XiaoBo Liu in  the worldwide
area. He was often referred to as the China’s Nelson Mandela. On June 26, 2017,
he was granted medical parole after being diagnosed with terminal liver cancer
and he died in hospital on 13 July, 2017. The unfair detainment of a freedom
fighter, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate , had raised questioning about Chinese
government’s policy against political criminals and the significance of
protecting people’s own rights.

Unfair detainment is a world
wide issue, even in democratic country like Canada, the right of No Unfair
detainment has been violated.

 

 

 

 

Abousfian
Abdelrazik, a Sundanese born Canadian citizen. On July 23, 2006, United States
Department of Treasury mistakenly designated him as a supporter of Al Qaeda and
a terrorist, but he was subsequently cleared in multiple investigations by
Sundanese government, CSIS (Canadian Security Intelligence Service), and RCMD ( Royal Canadian Mounted Police). Following
his imprisonment in Sudan, the Canadian government would not grant him travel
papers and otherwise blocked his return to Canada due to being profiled by the
CSIS. On June 4, 2009, the Federal Court ruled that his citizenship rights and
right of no unfair detainment under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom
had been a violation. According to the testimony of Abousfian
Abdelrazik,
he had suffered from torture during his time in detainment. According to the
federal court paper: “These duties are said to have been breached when,
having created the risk that Mr. Abdelrazik would be tortured,
Canada failed to make measures to prevent it.” and his unfair detainment
were also ruled in the court.

 

The Canadian
Charter of Rights and Freedom was signed into law to protect series of rights,
and no unfair detainment is among them. In Abousfian Abdelrazik’s case, the
unfair detainment and torture, the false profiled by CSIS, had violated the
section 7 and section 12

of the Charter:                             

And in this
case, Canadian government had failed to carry out its responsibility of        protecting its citizens’ rights, and
this is significant since this kind of mistake should not happen in a modern
democratic society or any other kinds of civilisation. The right of No Unfair
Detainment presented in this report certainly is important, but so are the
other rights. No Unfair Detainment is only a little part of the rights’ family,
and with all of them together, is what we called Human rights. Therefore, every
single right in it become significant and inseparable with each other. Before,
people used to fight for their rights by force, but now, in where a modern
civilisation,  people use the law, the
product of a modern civilisation, to protect themselves in a much more peaceful
way. If the law lost its power and was unable to protect people, then what’s
the point of having it? Our ancestors had fought a long way to
gain our basic rights and we do not want to throw that away, and that’s why we
needed to learn about our rights and protect them.