In the recent years, e-governance has been a central point of debate in the development process in India. Regardless of political instability, corruption and party fighting, the present government has successfully initiated the very notion of e-governance by implementing the Digital India programme. According to the official website of Digital India it says that Digital India is a flagship programme of the government of India with a vision to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.
In simple terms e-governance can be understood as the application of information and communication technology (ICT) to make all government services available to the citizens of India through electronic or digital media such as computers, laptop, mobile phone and smart phones. In India, it was in the mid 1980’s when Rajiv Gandhi (also known as the Pioneer of digital India or the computer man of India) was the Prime Minister of India. It was his prudent initiative to drive India towards modernization and his will to pull the masses out of poverty, which laid the foundation of information and technology and India to become IT superpower. It was during his leadership the IT revolutions were sowed with special focus on the citizen-centric government services. Though the projects were citizen-centric and run by many state and union territories, they could not meet the desired impacts. The reason may be that of lack of adequate infrastructure in India and unavailability of resources. Again in 2006, the congress party came up with the idea of e-governance using modern technology but it did not succeed in the long run as it did not fulfill its entire objective. It was thus felt the significance to ensure e-governance in the country to bridge the gap between the government and people in general. Carrying forward the same idea of e-governance, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Digital India Program on 1st July 2015, with the objective to make India a digital society and knowledge economy. According to Prime Minister Vision of the digital India, it is to transform lives of the citizens through making the governance more transparent and accessible to citizens. One of the sole properties of the e-governance will be the unique identity or the Aadhar card which will support grass root level development in India based on electronic authentication and standard data basis of all the citizens. As per the present situation the government has mandate to link your Aadhar to bank accounts and mobile numbers for getting services.
The digital India program is being envisaged by the department of electronics and information technology (DeitY) and other ministries such as MHRD, the ministry of communication information technology and others. The vision of the programme is to provide digital infrastructure as a utility to every citizen in terms of high-speed internet accessibility and e-governance at the local level. The program pays particular attention to provide broadband highways in 250000 Gram Panchayat in India, governance and services on demand to all citizens on online and mobile platforms making financial transactions electronic and cashless. Digital Empowerment of citizens through digital literacy, availability of digital resources and services, training and job creation through IT are the major pillars of the scheme.