In of humanity have been preaching for decades.

In the world of political journalism,
every slightest change in the framework of policy requires recognition.  This implies the need of the reporters to stay
constantly updated on every notion that is making any impact on the politics,
including globalization, system reinforcement, public relations, migrations,
international happenings, etc. One of the phenomenon, which has just recently
come to the global attention are the immigrants.  Many European newspapers made a huge mistake,
when they addressed the immigrants as a trending social problem. Relating to
the immigrants as such, media denies them their basic human rights, since the
immigrants are not the problem, but the people with problems who lost the
shelter and benefits of their home countries. Even though the notion of
humanity stands for helping the ones in need, such behavior is not obligatory
in the cases like that one, but it surely is mandatory to stay respectful to
the basic human rights of the others, no matter where they come from, and also
implying the simple evaluation of humanity in the others.

During the last couple of years, most
of the immigrants had to escape from their countries hit by wars and terrorism.
The contents of the news, in the last few years, are mostly calls of awareness
of the potential terrorists among the immigrants, automatically implying the
absolute exclusion of any calls for help to those who need it. Not only that
such xenophobic propaganda  disrespect
the human rights by influencing the exclusion of those minorities from the
society, but they are also opposite to all the ideas of humanity  have been preaching for decades. In order to
correct their mistakes, media needs to reevaluate the foreigners and then use
its influential nature to represent them to the public as people, who deserve
the rights and, therefore, improve the damaged public opinion.

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The evaluation of the immigrant’s problems
started years ago, and it is in the focus of public ever since. One of the most
famous theoreticians of the society issues was the Italian communist Antonio
Gramsci who wrote about the ability of the public opinion to influence the
solutions to the social problems. Inspired by the theories given by Gramsci,
the Italian journalist Vittorio Longhi, narrates about the problems, the mass
protests and the struggles of the immigrants through the obvious Marxist
political and theoretical framework. He argues powerfully against the policies,
which were created in order to deny any access of the immigrants to the public
services. At the same time Longhi, describes the daily discrimination
accompanied by the physical violence that immigrants encounter as low paid
workers in the countries around the world.

Longhi’s book resembles a traveler’s
guide through different and very difficult conditions that the immigrants face
in worldwide. He focuses on the conditions of the migrants in four regions that
may seem very different in the political, economic and social sense: Middle
East, the United States, France and Italy. Even though, it seems that these
regions are quite different, Longhi underlines that they have something in
common- War against the immigrant workers.

Through broadly speaking, Longhi
provides us with numerous dreadful cases in order to stress the situations that
economic immigrates face in the host countries. One of the most outrageous
cases is the one of Sri Lankan domestic worker who escaped Saudi Arabia, where
she was working as a house servant. The master of the household abused her
physically and she was found with 24 nails hammered into her body. The master
of the house was never legally persecuted, even though this case was reported
to the authorities. In the following chapters, the author provides us with many
similar cases, and in all of them, the immigrants have been physically abused,
many of them had died and some of them even committed suicide. Their dead
bodies were packaged in the plastic bags and so sent to their families. In
Italy, Moroccan metalworkers face racism and xenophobia on the daily basis. In
France, African restaurant workers  are
completely excluded from the political life. In USA, Mexican farm labourers are
dealing with open hostility, accompanied by repressive power of the police.
Most of the immigrants are employed in service sector; carry out jobs that are
underpaid and insecure at best, and often dangerous, and degrading.  Longhi, also underlines the fact that in all
of the mentioned host countries, the labor immigrants are not given the
opportunities to establish appropriate labor unions and therefore they are unable
to further acquire their political, economic and social rights. The author
points out that illegal immigrants are in the worst position, since they have no
power given by the contract and therefore they are supposed to accept any
conditions they are offered, while the companies are able to use this cheap
labor to drive down the conditions and the wages for the whole labor force. Unfortunately,
for the purpose of the following discussion, due the fact that time and space
are limited, it is not possible to describe every personal story of  immigrants from Nepal, Philippine, Shi Lanka,
Eritrea, Libya, Mexico etc.  In sum, the
chapters of the book describe difficult conditions in which the migrants live
and work worldwide.

Longi is persistent in his strong criticism
of the national governments, which tend to protect their borders against the
flows of the migrants by military enforcement. The USA border fence with Mexico
and Hungarian barbed wire fence with Serbia are good examples of these
practices. He is accusing the host countries governments for their strict
border regimes and for using force in dealing with irregular immigrants. The
author argues that these measures are not productive and that they are do not
prevent the flow of the migrants, but rather remove the legal protection for
the immigrants, who then end up in the hands of the companies and other
employers. In this way, governments are actively participating in the creation
of black market, where the immigrant workers are exploited and humiliated.  Additionally, Longhi argues that migration
and its related phenomena have to be coordinated by the international
institutions, with clear and shared rules, and that is the only way to prevent
the exploitation of the economic migrants.

Longhi, continues with the criticism
of the global economy. He states that the global and national companies are
using the vulnerable position of the immigrants, by offering them low paid
jobs, often without any contract or legal protection. In this respect, global
economy is highly relaying on mass migration as inexhaustible source of labor
force, both cheap labor workers and qualified professionals. The author reveals
the fact that the migrants are far more vulnerable to the exploitative
conditions than the national workers are, due to the fact that they lack the
legal protection of either their country of origin or their country of
destination and, most importantly, they are not unionized. Author also points
out that some companies, mostly located in USA, are respecting migrants and
their rights, but they are unable to pay more than minimal wage, because  the other companies show no remorse when it
comes to exploitation of the immigrants. Because of the high competitiveness on
the global market, migrants from the undeveloped and developing countries have
only a few options when it comes to employment in the host countries.

Even though, the author has negative
attitude towards current situation, he is optimistic when it comes to
coordinated networks of migrants and their movement in general. He perceives
the labor union as the foundation of the hope. Longhi argues that well
organized labor unions can offer legal and social protection for the foreign
labor workers. In addition to that, he points that global process of deunionization has significantly weakened
the immigrant’s movement. Some of them, like African workers in the French
restaurants, work every day for more than ten hours without any break and in
this kind of situation, they are not able to organize themselves and therefore
they stay excluded from the host country political opportunities. Longhi believes
that strong and organized labor unions are still forming and he recalls the
story of immigrants in the Middle East who created a small union, in order to
protect their human rights. He also stress the importance of mass protest, both
immigrants and national workers, since the working conditions are declining
worldwide. Longhi underlines the enormous potential that well organized
immigrant labor movemenmt could have, since the economy of many western
countries relies on the cheap immigrant labor force. In the last chapter, author
concludes that unifying capacity of the immigrant labour force, encouraged by
the technological infrastructure, could restore democracy and social justice in
whole world.

In Immigrant war, Longhi introduced
us with the problems that workers from Arica, Asia and South America have when
they immigrate to the richer countries of Europe, Middle East and America.
Author used many exciting narratives in order to capture reader’s attention. Longhi
did an amazing job when it comes to the descriptive parts, but the many questions
remain unanswered. Why people from Philippines, Bangladesh and Morocco immigrate
to Europe and America, if the working conditions are so horrible? Is the
situation in their home countries better? If it is, why do they sign up for the
jobs and accept to work in these horrible conditions? If there are any positive
narratives among these immigrants? Why did Longi choose these countries and
particularly these narratives? Is it because these narratives are supporting
his research question?

Longhi has very strict point of view
when it comes to the economic migration. He tries to explain very complex
process of international migration trough simplified Marxist theoretical and political
framework and by doing this, he underlines only the negative aspects of contemporary
migrations. His criticism is coming from his Marxist perspective and he he
mostly focuses on the economic exploitation of the foreign workers.