In guardian titled “Being overweight – not just

In the current modern world where
increasingly cheap and high-calorie food is being prepared in large amounts of
ingredients like salt and sugar with the addition of the increasingly sedentary
lifestyles as well as increasing of urbanization, there is no doubt that
obesity has increased rapidly in the last few decades around the globe.


 I want to talk about the statistic of the
world obesity where according to the World Health Organization, “Worldwide
obesity has nearly tripled since 1975 wherein 2016” and “more than 1.9 billion
adults, 18 years and older, were overweight and out of these numbers, over 650
million were obese” (2). Obesity itself does not only affects the adults but
children as well as according to World Health Organization, “In 2016, an
estimated 41 million children under the age of 5 years were overweight or
obese. Once considered a high-income country problem, overweight and obesity
are now on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban
settings. In Africa, the number of overweight children under 5 has increased by
nearly 50 per cent since 2000. Nearly half of the children under 5 who were
overweight or obese in 2016 lived in Asia.” (2).

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This issue impairs the lives of
the consumers in terms of health. The global health problem of obesity lies in
the constant need of one to eat luxuriously rather than eat only what they
need. Consumerism can also be blamed for other social ills where the heavy
advertising of delicious but unhealthy foods, such as sweets, and fast food has
caused a significant rise in diet-related health problems. In the 1990s, for the
first time in human history, the world’s population of overweight people was
roughly the same as the number of underfed people about 1.1 billion. Obesity
can lead to other related diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (mainly
stroke and heart diseases) as well as musculoskeletal disorders (especially
osteoarthritis which is a highly disabling degenerative disease of the joints
in one’s body). According to an article in the guardian titled “Being
overweight – not just obese – kills millions a year, say experts” where based
on a a team of 2,300 experts led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
(IMHE), based at the University of Washington in Seattle. They study concludes
that “In 2015, nearly four million people died from disease related to their
weight, most commonly from heart disease. But only 60% were technically obese,
which is defined as a body mass index over 30. The other 40%, or 1.6 million
people, were overweight but not obese.”


Even with all this being true,
obesity is largely preventable as on the individual level, one can decide to start
making the choice of a healthier life through the right choices of food to
limit to lesser consumption of sugar, salts and fats and to change their
sedentary lifestyle to become an active one through engaging actively in
physical activity. An article in the NY Times, titled “In Asia’s fattest
country, nutritionist take money from food giants”. I quote: Dr Tee E Siong,
Malaysia’s leading nutrition expert, decided to act, organizing a far-reaching
study of local diets and lifestyle habits where he states, “the real problem,
isn’t the type of food people eat but how much of it, and their lifestyle.” (1)


 As for businesses who play a significant role
in the food industry, they can firstly restrict the marketing of foods high in
sugar and salts and perhaps promote healthier choices to the public. Secondly,
the businesses should ensure that their industry provides the availability of
nutritious and healthy choices for the consumers to afford.