In admission to a bank of machines had

     In modern world, the media is consumed by
every individual person. This age is the called as the digital age. There have
been many transitions in the media consumption process. The history of media is
a vast subject to study on. As the technology is developed the media takes a
new turn and twist in it’s consumption. There are televisions, radio, cinema,
theater, social media channels like YouTube, Instagram etc. that are the media
channels to keep the audience engaged. However, new technology based media
platforms are dwelled on the base of old technologies that were the mainstream
media in older times. The audience that consumes the media plays a vital role
in influencing the media. Among all these media platforms, talking about the
Cinema, there has been a huge change in the audiences consuming this medium of
entertainment.

     I am notably interested in the ways that
however individuals developed bound ritual uses of cinema. My intention is to
research practices, bound habits and behaviors of cinema going audience.

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     The cinema
in 20th century has been producing as well as disseminating mass
popular culture. The cinema in 20th century is usually overlooked in
number of other ways. The cinema has played a very important role in
mediatisation of the society. Looking back at the time when the first cinema
was released, there were many people who viewed it in mass. The use of a film
projector and a camera resulted in a cinema. It was the very first electronic
medium in human history to create a mass audience. The cinema started to teach
people how to live with and within the media.

     Looking back in late 19th
century, the motion picture technology was emerging after the invention of
Kinetoscope by Thomas Edison along with his lab assistant William Dickson, kinetoscope
gained quality, the Thomas Edison Company began putting in machines in edifice
lobbies, amusement parks, and penny arcades, and shortly device parlors—where
customers might pay around twenty five cents for admission to a bank of
machines had opened in country. However, once friends and collaborators advised
 Thomas Edison to notice the way to
project his device pictures for audience viewing, he apparently refused,
claiming that such associate degree invention would be a less profitable
venture (Britannica). But eventually as the development in technology took
place, audience viewing came into existence.

     For the bulk of its silent era, from its
growth into a mass amusement within the decennary until its transition to sound
in 1929 it absolutely was wide accepted that Hollywood was, as its

advocates
insisted, a ‘family’ establishment. North American cinema began to transcend its
primitive origins, producers and exhibitors consciously selected to expand
their market

beyond
a core working-class consumer-base by representing their medium as a ‘family’ amusement.

      The history of these technologies say
that these mediums did not have or hardly had any audience at the first place.
The audience gradually started to develop as the motion pictures were open for
public viewing. People gathered in mass and watched motion pictures making it
as a mass audience viewing. When the demand for motion picture grew, production
firms were created to satisfy it. At the height of record player quality in
1910 (Britannica Online), there have been twenty approximately major picture firms
within US. However, heated disputes usually skint out among these firms over
patent rights and business management, leading even the foremost powerful among
them to concern fragmentation that may loosen their hold on the market
(Fielding, 1967).

      The audience in the early era was very
away from uniformity. Immigrant audiences from city had a very different
reaction compared to the rural audiences to the various scenes of the movie
that incorporated urban life. Taking the African American audience into
consideration, the reaction from them were different to the racial humor as
compared to the white audience for whom these movies were particularly made.
Just like today, gender, ethnicity and class hold the audiences apart and this
reflects the screenings of the films. During the first decade of the film
exhibition which was during 1896-1806, films were not only bound to special
theaters but also to variety of venues. Cinema’s first two decades have shown a
radical change in the audiences viewing the cinema. Most of the people accepted
it Cinema as a form of vaudeville program (A style of multi-act theatrical
entertainment originated from France and which flourished in Europe and North
America from the 1880s to 1920s). The vaudeville were primarily attended by
middle class and low middle class audiences.

    After the motion picture firms, there was a
new channel to view the cinema. The audience shifted towards this mode of
viewing the cinema called as Nickelodeon. S. Porter, an engineer working at Thomas
Edison Company was the most innovative film makers. His 12 mins. film that was The
Great Train Robbery (1903), poor with the stage like compositions of
Méliès-style films through its use of rear projection, redaction, camera pans,
composed shots that helped in keeping the action in continuity. The Great Train
Robbery did not establish the realistic narrative as a customary in cinema
solely, it was also the first major box office hit. Its success promoted the
idea of expansion of the industry, while recognizing the motion picture’s moneymaking
potential, began gap the primary permanent film theaters all over the country. It
was known as Nickelodeon due to the admission charge being paid, which was only
5 cent. Around 9,000 nickelodeons appeared in US between the year 1904-1908. It
was nickelodeon’s quality that had set film as a mass amusement medium. The
Nickelodeon around the country resulted in a new shape to the audience viewing
experience. These Nick theaters mostly attracted the working-class people
across the country. People could afford the Nick ticket price. They started
liking the theater’s casual atmosphere. The film being short for around 30-40
minutes, kept the audience glued and this was not at all the wastage of time
for the audience.