Everything In 1996 the proportion of overweight and

in life has its price. The more developed the society is, the more problematic
it is, especially in developing countries like Vietnam such as: environment
problems, crime rates… One of the growing problems is obesity among childern. The
latest survey (2014-2015) on obesity is conducted by Dr. Bui Thi Nhung, Dean of
School Nutrition and School of Industry, National Institute of Nutrition,
Obesity, overweight for children, October 18. Obesity in children from
preschool and school age to adulthood is increasing in Vietnam, especially in
big cities. From 1980 to 2013, the prevalence of
overweight and obesity increased by 27% in adults and 47% in children.
In 1996 the proportion of overweight and obese children in Hanoi and Ho Chi
Minh City was 12%. 13 years later (in 2009) this rate is 43%. Results of the
survey in 2014-2015, the rate of obese children in HCMC over 50%, and the inner
city of Hanoi about 41%. In HCMC, the prevalence of overweight and obesity
among under-five children has tripled over the past 10 years. The prevalence of
overweight and obesity among school children has doubled from nearly 12% in
2002 to 22% in 2009. (Trang, 2017). Thus, this paper,
based on secondary data will discuss the causes, effects of obesity and take
some solutions to improve this situation in Vietnam. Childhood obesity is a common disease starting in
developed countries, then developing countries like Vietnam. It is defined as
too much and abnormal fat deposition in the body or the whole body that affects
health. To determine whether a person has obesity, scientists use a body mass
index (BMI), in which people with a BMI above 30 are thought to be obese.      Vietnam currently has about 1.2 million
children who are obese, and some of them are due to genetic factors. The researchers examined the height and weight of 100,000
children and their parents in Britain, the United States, China, Indonesia,
Spain and Mexico. The results show that BMI is inherited through
generations 20% from mother and 20% from father. Thus the pattern in BMI
genetics is consistent across countries, irrespective of the level of economic,
industrial or economic development. Professor Peter Dolton from the University
of Sussex said: “This suggests that children who have overweight parents are
more likely to be obese when they grow up. This finding shows us the serious
consequences for children’s health in the world and obesity is the result of
family factors, genetics, not just individual decisions. ”
(Mai, 2017)However, genetics are no longer a important
problem, today’s children are largely fat due to their eating habbits and lack
of exercise. Poor nutrition is one of the main
causes for the increasing obesity rate among children in Vietnam.
Children who live in some limited-access communities or limited access to
supermarkets and markets, will choose the convenience food that is not fast,
such as frozen meat, the type of cake. Besides, today’s parents are busy with
working, do not have as much time and energy as they used to cook for their
children, so eating out at fast food outlets has become a routine. In Vietnam, there
are numerous fast food restaurants, this is a typical high-fat, high-sugar diet
and is served in large portions. In addition, lack of physical activities is
another big issue related to childhood obesity. Children today have to learn a lot, so that they
have very little time to participate in outdoor activities.  Moreover, children are becoming lazier and
lazier. When they have time to relax, they tend to be at home, sitting while
eating, watching television and playing games, and and
rarely take regular exercise.  This rate increases to 50 percent of children aged 16 to 17
and 34 percent of children 13 to 15.     Furthermore,
scientists also claim that obesity is caused by psychological factors. Personal
stress or bad influences of others can affect the psychology and habits of
children. Some children eat a lot to cope with these problems or deal with
stressful or tedious emotions. This has caused a nutritional imbalance in them
or in other word, it is calles obesity.      Undoubtedly, obesity has a huge negative
impact on children. First, overweight children are
less agile than their peers. Obese
children will always feel heavy, difficult in all activities of life, this
makes them become couch potatoes. According to scientists, less physical
activity also leads to poor communication. As such, obese children will find it
very difficult to get along and have friends, and even worse, they may be
victims of  cruelty and self-pity of
their peers. As a result, obese children become low self-esteem, which can even
lead to depression and autism.

     However, not only mental illness, obesity
can also cause many other physical diseases. If children are obese when they
are too young, they can suffer from the high risk of having a negative impact
on their development. Bones that are not strong enough to withstand the load of
meat, if prolonged, it can lead to cartilage damage, which results in knee turn
in or out as well as flat feet. Not only affect the bones, obesity in children
can also lead to the decline of the immune system, increase risk of
cardiovascular diseases and especially dyspnea. That is not to say the
psychological consequences of obesity that persist throughout the adolescent’s
life. In addition, obesity in children can cause serious complications, lead to
many diseases that should be newly encountered adults such as atherosclerosis,
fatty liver disease, high blood pressure..

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