Coexistence Of Human Reasoning And Religion Religion Essay

Reasoning as is seen today, negotiations about how human ground, or the “ ability found in worlds, that is able to bring forth decision from premise or premises ” ( Wikipedia.com ) . Reasoning to me is how worlds make analytical tax write-offs on occurrences around them ; how they use the empirical method to look for replies to things that people seem to hold already accepted in their nature. Science and natural doctrine are ways human existences ground, to happen replies to what goes on around them. Science is a set or a organic structure of cognition that has been proven to be true, through some sort of experiment or analysis. The belief in the being of God ( or Gods ) is another domain of the human being that is in major struggle with the findings from human concluding. Although faith, religion and the being of a God ( or Gods ) clashes earnestly with logic, scientific discipline and ground, I think that they are really separate domains of human being that should travel on bing without any job, and with perfectly no ground to collide.

The beliefs of natural philosophers that the natural order of things can be understood through the usage of ground agencies that there are sets of logical or scientific accounts for the assorted occurrences in the universe that are referred to by ordinary people as plants of “ godly Gods ” . To natural philosophers who believe that events in the universe have rational accounts, the being of the supreme existences ( referred to as “ Gods ” or God ) is a grossly untrue belief that people tell, to account for the happenings in the universe they can non explicate. The being of God ( or Gods ) on the other manus has purely to make with one ‘s religion. Faith in a “ divinity is a belief that leans toward mysticism ( that is you believe that there is a supernatural being, or a supreme force, that controls the universe ) , and this finally becomes faith, in most instances. When a individual believes that there is a supernatural force governing the universe or when they have thoughts that are in that line of thought, they frequently make a supreme being out of such logical thinking, hence it becomes their faith.

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Natural philosophers prefer to hold a logical account for the things that happen in the universe. Natural doctrine was best appreciated in the Grecian ages. It was during these times that natural philosophers took their clip to specify the natural order of the universe. And some even went so deep that a connexion between natural doctrine and nature was forged.

The Stoics were the most alone philosophers of the Hellenistic age. They believed in felicity being the concluding single end of worlds nevertheless, they had a mercenary attack to the universe, attaching much importance to the natural universe, doing it more like their ain supreme being, merely like Socrates made the mind his ain God. To them, nature was like a God to whom they left everything to, they accepted their functions the manner they were ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 97 ) .

In my ain sentiment, Heraclitus ‘s theory is the most acceptable of the three antediluvian age natural philosophers in the sense that he ‘s was based on a theory different from the other, and had a different and more applicable attack. “ He pioneered the thought that ‘found truth in changeless alteration ‘ ” ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 46 ) . This manner of logical thinking was sort of different, because I think it was the start of people ‘s belief in humanistic values, and how we are the step of our destiny. Heraclitus concluded that the universe is full of antonyms, and it ‘s the presence of these antonyms that make us cognizant of our environing. From his logical thinking, I can deduce that the antonyms in this universe make us advancement and strive to be better people. I strongly agree with this because whenever there is winter, there must be summer. Autumn and spring are clear antonyms, and while the duality of sound and silence and dark and visible radiation are utmost forces that enables advancement in the universe, it is from cognizing the expansive contrast between sound and silence, that one treasures the act of address. It is besides from cognizing darkness and visible radiation that we care for our ability to see.

During the Hellenic Age, the Greeks became more advanced than the Archaic Greeks, and as they advanced in civilization, so besides did their beliefs evolve. They proposed theories that truly began to dispute the belief in the being of God. These theories questioned the Godhead accounts to occurrences in the universe. The pre-Socrates who believed that the universe was ruled by atoms, were the first to do manner in the Hellenic age. An atomist believed that the universe is made up of atoms, which are “ ageless, unseeable organic structures of changing size that by definition could non be divided into smaller units ” ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 67 ) . Anaxagoras proposed a different theory. He called them Nous, and claimed that they control the activities of these atoms ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 68 ) . This was the first decision about a intangible substance governing the universe and this was praised by Socrates. From this it is apparent that people started believing in more humanistic values, bear downing their ain lives, and swearing the power of their ain logical thinking.

Subsequently on, Socrates discovered the mind, which he claims is similar to the head or the consciousness, and it is really much responsible for the things we do ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 68 ) . Socrates was one of the really first philosophers who believed greatly in the head and the fact that one can govern their ain life. He gave importance to one ‘s mind over one ‘s physical organic structure, in a manner labelling the head of human existences as superior to the organic structure. Besides, prosecuting in extended survey and taxing the head to the highest possible point helps one attain the ultimate mind. The line, “ Virtue is Knowledge ” , was created by Socrates and this is a typical sum-up of Socrates ‘ doctrine. Socrates believed in the “ indispensable goodness of human nature ” ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 68 ) . Plato and Aristotle were the philosophers after Socrates in the Hellenic age. Just like Socrates, Plato ( a pupil of Socrates ) believed that the mind is non merely a intangible signifier that exists in the organic structure of worlds. The mind exists in Forms, which Plato considered as the ultimate visual aspect of the mind ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 68 ) .

On the other manus, Aristotle who was Plato ‘s pupil, believed in the being of the natural universe as the physical universe around us. Aristotle was a realist in the sense that he believed in merely that which could be concluded through “ empirical methods ” . Aristotle did n’t accept the proposed theory of Plato that a separate kingdom existed, in the universe. Just like Heraclitus, Aristotle believed in striking a balance between everything in the universe, and that was the best manner to come on. Finding a balance in everything he says, is the best manner to populate. There is some truth to this because illustrations of this are found all around us, as people strive for chairing as the best manner to populate.

During the Hellenistic age there were four major schools, the Cynics, the Skeptics, Epicureanism school, and the Stoics. They publically condemned all signifiers of faith and administration, go forthing their heads and organic structure to accomplish what they considered as the most of import end of worlds ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 94, 95 ) ; achieving personal independency. They led their lives to accomplish the much desired province of autarchy, the status of autonomy ( Collins English Dictionary ) . As we can see, throughout the Hellenic and the Hellenistic ages, there is barely any clang between the faiths of the people of Greece and the doctrine that was thought up.

Science was non a really outstanding mode of concluding in the early ages. Science was taken mildly in the Hellenic, Hellenistic and the Archaic ages. During the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilisations, scientific discipline had besides non go a outstanding manner of explicating natural happenings. It was non until the Late Middle Ages, that Science every bit good as doctrine became a separate manner of replying inquiries that were one time explained divinely.

Scientific thought was slightly pioneered by Roger Bacon. He, unlike the remainder of the natural philosophers of the Late Middle Ages, became tired of one peculiar manner of thought. The other philosophers did n’t believe that they could propound new cognition. Aristotle ‘s plant was the tallness of rational findings for them. They merely focused on spread outing on what they had learned from Aristotle.

Science began to take signifier, and another individual proposed a new doctrine. William of Ockham, a priest, “ recognised the importance of both religion and ground, ( and ) he did non see how ground could turn out God ‘s being ” ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 261 ) . He was the first to see that ground and religion could really travel manus in manus. They could be on their ain, as separate entities, without intervention from any other factor that ruled human life. Since ground can non turn out the being or the non-existence of God, William of Ockham said to allow them be.

After this the church ( being of all time so power haunted and commanding ) tried to stamp down any new doctrine that contradicted their spiritual beliefs or tenet. Anybody that openly opposed the church was accused of unorthodoxy. Tormenting them until they falsely accepted the accusals filed against them, so convicting them and penalizing them by decease sentence ( firing at the interest ) .

The discoverer of the telescope, “ whose most valuable part was his accurate heavenly observation, his plants in tellurian mechanics and the survey of the action of forces on affair ” ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 408 ) Galileo Galilei was besides subjected to this state of affairs. Galileo, who came up with the theory of Heliocentrism which says that the existence is centred by the Sun, was arrested by the Inquisition in 1633 ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 408 ) , an establishment the “ church ‘s tribunal created in the 1200s to happen and penalize misbelievers ” ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 408 ) . This was so because this theory contradicted the geocentric theory of the church that the existence is earth-centred ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 404 ) . The geocentric theory favoured the church because harmonizing to the writers of Western Humanities, it validates the construct of original wickedness: the corrupt Earth inhabited by fallen person, and the church made it seem like it ain redemption ( 405 ) . It helped the church portray the thought that adult male was the Centre of the Earth, and that all of adult male was damned to a universe of agony ( because the Earth did n’t revolve or go around ) , and that the lone manner to achieve redemption, was through the church.

Once once more, scientific discipline and faith clangs, taking with it, non merely the beauty of human logical thinking, but besides the lives of people.

Science is seen as a manner to explicate things and acquire replies, and because scientific discipline and logical thinking, and belief and religion are separate potions of human being, they each have separate accounts for the occurrences of the universe, that are rather satisfactory to those who hold instructions in high regard

Religion on the reverse has been in being since the first civilisations emerge. Even from the first civilisations, the Mesopotamian and the Egyptian civilisations, faith has been present. Religion is non a theory, or a set of determination, faith is the belief of people in anything that they feel solves their jobs. Faith can non be scientifically proven. It is more of a sentimental fond regard than it is anything else. It has to make with emotions than it has to make with logical thinking, and from the really get downing, they all believed in the high quality of a God ( or God ) over the lives of us mortal. Religion in the early ages ( as the lessons from the Epic of Gilgamesh affirms ) believed in the fact that the Gods had ultimate control over their lives. While the Mesopotamians and the Egyptians lived by this means, there was besides no struggle what so of all time between the faiths of the Greeks and scientific discipline, or doctrine or any signifier of human logical thinking. Besides, the Greeks who did non hold a strong tenseness between faith and natural doctrine existed without any struggles between the two Fieldss of human being.

Before Christianity became the chief societal establishment began, the spiritual beliefs of people were still separate entities from doctrine and scientific discipline although there was n’t a batch of scientific discipline so ) . Therefore we see that even though one might non believe, scientific discipline and logic stood on separate evidences and entirely had nil to make with each other, save from mild contact. Islam so came along, and although it had no important consequence on Christianity and western civilisation ( excepting the fact that Islam was the span that joined the ages of the Renaissance with cognition from the yesteryear ) , it drove the point place. Faith and scientific discipline are two different things. We see Moslem and Christian bookmans, who studied doctrine and scientific discipline strictly, coming up with theories of their ain, and non holding their religion hesitation about one spot. Leaving the epoch of early civilisation, the Grecian faith during the Archaic, Hellenic and Hellenistic ages all had similar philosophies with the faith of the early civilization. Both believed in the undeniable control of Gods over the lives of person ; they were both polytheist based and they both gave importance to Gods or divinities, over their ain lives. Besides they had legion Gods that they worshiped jointly.

Conversely, the Roman Catholic Church preached monotheism and urged people to seek redemption from the church. The church claiming to hold the favor of God on them took it upon themselves to govern the people. They made a authorities on their ain, because they where the largest organizational institute in the medieval times, and like most administrations, they became lawless, corrupt and they used God ‘s name to cover up their horrid actions. The people accepted the church, and the church began to turn more in power and in significance, governing the lives of the people, through fright and menace of ageless damnation. The church literally proceeded over the lives of the people. They made Torahs that governed the people, and ordinances that the people had to populate by, and this was precisely what happened, right from the period after the ulterior Roman civilisation to the High Middle Ages.

In the Late Middle Ages, dedicated and virtuous monastics and nuns started a motion to resuscitate the goodness of the church, reprobating all the corrupt clergies and members of the church to get down a new government.

The early Renaissance came with natural philosophers believing deeply about the existent impression or order behind the creative activity of the universe. They were non to the full satisfied with the reply from the other doctrines they had, stating that “ those replies did non travel beyond Aristotelean doctrine and Christian tenet ” ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 296 ) . They became disquieted and merely like the medieval philosophers, they began to examine and set aside their differences, in footings of beliefs, and worked together to resuscitate the philosophical instructions and acquisitions of great philosophers and scientist of the yesteryear. Once once more the people began to oppugn the power of the church, “ single fulfillment, became a taking Renaissance thought ” ( Matthews, Platt, pg. 296 ) . During the Medieval ages and the early Renaissance the people mutely began to oppugn the authorization of the church, but none dared to state it out loud, but when the philosophers of the early Renaissance revived the theories of Plato and the likes of them, they began to hold an penetration into where some of their spiritual tenet originated.

The unhealthy hit between the church and human logical thinking ( natural doctrine and scientific discipline ) , can be seen in different ages. The first struggle was between natural doctrine ( Socrates ) and faith ( of the Greeks ) . The instructions of Socrates were a menace to the governing category of the Hellenic age, and for the first clip doctrine and the spiritual beliefs of the Greeks clashed. The governing category was frightened that the instructions of Socrates was perverting the heads of their young persons. In other to halt such Acts of the Apostless, they accused Socrates of impiousness and perverting the young persons of the society. He was so sentenced to decease.

After Socrates, many other bookmans, scientist and philosophers likewise began to see their plants in new visible radiation ; hence, more struggles occurred. Plato for illustration created or introduced the being of his ain God. This is contradictory to the faith of his clip, but he was non persecuted for it in anyhow, one time once more, faith and logical thinking coexisted together. Although they did non hold, they existed as separate entities.

Then Christianity began deriving evidences, and the church, afraid of resistance and uproar began “ silencing ” the resistance party. This went on until the Protestant order appeared. The Protestants who were against the bad moral behavior and behavior of the church members protested against the church. There, we see the most incredible of struggles. Peoples of the same religion opposed each other, and because of this, a great sum of blood was shed. This was one of the causes of the Renaissance. The people fought against the church in other to take back their freedom from the instead corrupt church, and to reform their beloved faith. Another phenomenal happening of the Renaissance period was the courageous efforts of the Renaissance philosopher to delve back into the past age, and try a resurgence on natural doctrine.

On a concluding note, human logical thinking ( natural doctrine, scientific discipline and logic ) versus faith, religion and belief is non an sharp manner to find which is better. One ca n’t be better than the other, as they both have similarities in footings of their manner of belief. For illustration, in the Holy Bible, the narrative of Moses is really clear when it says God saved Moses and the Hebrewss from the clasps of the Egyptians by separating the Red Sea. Resent researches nevertheless has shown that the Red sea could hold existent parted on its ain, that is at that place might hold been certain occurrences that could hold caused the Red sea to hold parted usually, harmonizing to scientifically-explainable replies. In a state of affairs like this, what does one make? There is a scientifically right reply and there is besides an reply that faith provides. In the presence of state of affairss like this, the thesis that scientific discipline, logic and doctrine are separate domains of human being ; and that faith, religion and belief can non be scientifically explained, is best left untasted. We as worlds are believed to ever desire something more to keep on to.

Therefore, those who want to believe in faith should be allowed to make so, and those who take scientific discipline and natural doctrine to be their ain faith should be free to take whatever he or she feels like taking. After all, it is stipulated in both the Islamic and Christian philosophy that the credence of a faith is non and should ne’er be compulsory on anyone.