Causes that slavery hurt wages and took land

Causes
of civil war

I
believe the civil war was fought for many reasons and is not held to just one.
If I had to choose one main reason it would be because of the future of
slavery, States rights, western expansion and the bleeding in Kansas. This war
was fought by the Northern and Western states and territories to preserve the
Union, and the South fought to create Southern independence as a new
confederation of states under its own constitution.

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Slavery
was of great importance to the south because of the southern economy. The south
was an agricultural-based economy whose biggest yields were cotton and tobacco,
depended almost entirely only slaves for labor (Slavery without submission).
Northern workers felt that slavery hurt wages and took land that could have been
used by poor whites to sustain an economic independence, whereas Southerners
argued that ending slavery would destroy the southern economy (Sectional
Crisis). In 1790, a thousand tons of cotton were being produced every year in
the South. By period, 500,000 slaves grew to 4 million. 1860, it was a million
tons. (Slavery Without Submission)

A
big percentage of plantation owners bought African slaves to work their plantations.
Small time farmers also even used slaves for work labor. As America grew the
industries grew as well. Especially cotton industries from the mass amount of
cotton produced. The use of slaves lessened in the north over time and greatly
increased in southern states. It was smart for southern land owners to use
slaves instead of hiring white workers that could strike or just quit, as to
where slaves had no choice. These southern plantations depended on the mass
production of cash crops on tired soil. The plant ‘tired’ the soil by taking
all of its important nutrients away from the soil.

The
Missouri compromise was passed in 1820 to try to keep peace between the two regions.
This compromised added Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state.
After the Missouri compromise was set in place the American people finally
realized how big this slave issue was. The Missouri compromises flooded the
newspapers and everyone was talking about it. Questions over the expansion of
slavery were still at large, but nearly all Americans concluded that the
Constitution protected slavery where it already was established. (Sectional
Crisis) The Missouri Compromise was attacked by many southerners because it created
the idea that Congress could make laws and decisions regarding slavery.

 

The
debate on the powers of the states and federal government became heated in the
1830s. The Missouri compromise tried to solve this problem but only temporarily
did so. The congress signed a bill stating Missouri a slave state if slavery
was to be forever outlawed in the rest of the Louisiana purchase north of the
36th parallel. Abolitionist in the north made southerners believe that slavery
would soon be illegal. Nat turner’s rebellion gave southerners the idea that
slaves were dangerous and that the enslaving Africans was stopping them from
turning in to savage beasts.

Furthermore,
the south wanted the use of slaves to be used in the west while the north
wanted to make western states free states. After the U.S and Mexican war was
won the land we gained created conflict about slavery. Abolitionist were
fighting to have slavery illegal in this area. Supporters of slavery were under
the assumption and feared that if this new area was a free state that the political
power of slave states would be lost to the point of slavery being illegal and
outlawed all across the continent. Supporters and those opposed to slavery rushed
in these new territories to support their causes.

(States’
Rights) As long as there was the same number of slave states as there was none
slave states the two regions had equal representation in congress, and neither
was stronger than the other. Every new are that would apply to be a state intimidated
to disrupt this balance. The southern states were all for states’ rights and hated
the idea of federal government and in 1850 they came up with the idea to secede.
The south thought they had the power to appeal the nation and they did just
that.

Even
so the Missouri compromise helped hold the Union together for more than thirty
years. It was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. This act established
popular rule in regards to slavery in Kansas and Nebraska. The Supreme Court in
the Dred Scott case declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional, on the
ground that Congress was prohibited by the Fifth Amendment from depriving
individuals of private property without due process of law (13-5). The Kansas-Nebraska
Act allowed each territory to decide the issue of slavery on the basis of
popular rule. Kansas with slavery would violate the Missouri Compromise, which
had kept the Union from falling apart for the last thirty-four years. (Slavery
without submission)   

The
aftermath of the act led to the period of violence known as Bleeding Kansas.
Many people from Kansas would argue that the civil war ultimately started in
1855. This is when pro-slavery citizen’s rushed into Kansas to try to establish
that territory as a slave state. In doing so they looted, burned and killed in
order to intimidate the abolitionist. They were met by anti-slavery Kansans, as
well as many other abolitionists like John Brown, who solely went to Kansas to
fight against slavery.  Though Kansa
eventually came in the country as a free state in 1861, the events there helped
spread the idea of violence as a solution to the slavery problem. The uses of
propaganda by both sides increased tension which ultimately led to the civil
war.

The
Republican party was opposed to westward expansion of slavery into these new
states and when Abraham Lincoln, who was a member of the Republican party, won
the 1860 election, the southern states saw this as a major loss to their cause.
(YAWP). The south was under the assumption that the north was going to get rid
of slavery which would ultimately destroy the southern economy. After feeling
that they could not do anymore talking, the only thing they could do no was
take action. They had to part ways with the rest of America. South Carolina
seceded and they requested that the north leave its military forts in Charleston
Harbor. On April 10, 1861 knowing that support was on its way the confederate
forces demanded them to surrender. Major Robert Anderson, the forts commanders
did not comply, and on April 12 the confederates fired shots and cannons onto
the fort. This was the start of the civil war. With the start of war President
Abraham Lincoln called for support to put down the confederates. Virginia,
Arkansas, North Carolina and Tennessee refused Lincolns request. These states
provoked President Lincoln saying he overstepped his boundaries and favored the
session.

.

 

So
overall there were many reasons the civil war happened, mostly all of them lead
back some way to slavery. The civil war was a turning point in America history.
The Civil War was one of the deadliest wars in American history. More Americans
died then in all other wars combined. Sons fought against fathers and the
nation was torn apart. The nation was reunited and the southern states were not
allowed to secede. (States’ Rights) The South was placed under military rule
and divided into military districts. Southern states had to apply for
readmission to the Union. The Federal government proved itself superior over
the states. Essentially this was a war over states’ rights and federalism and
the victor was the power of the national government. Slavery was effectively
ended. While slavery was not outlawed until the passing of the 13th amendment,
the slaves were set free upon the end of the war. Industrialism began as a
result of the increase in wartime production and the development of new
technologies.