Canada of its sugar plantations and the slave

Canada is often seen as a “nice” country always ready to help others in “need”. However, this help isn’t always as clean as one might think. Canada, like any powerful country, doesn’t provide help without gaining anything out of it. When it comes to Haiti there is no difference. To understand how Canada and the U.S.A were even capable of invading Haiti we must look at the history of this country and it’s circumstances. Then to understand how the help Canada brought  to Haiti isn’t quite innocent, we will look at the Aboriginal community and their struggles with the Canadian government. Haiti is known for having been one of the world richest countries turned extremely poor. The island was first taken over by Christopher Columbus and the spanish government. In the 17th century it was colonized by the french and soon became one of the world most important colonies. Haiti made lots of money off of its sugar plantations and the slave labor. At the time slaves made about 90 % of Haiti’s population and the working conditions were known for being particularly rough. An example of this would be the fact that slaves needed to be imported from Africa because Haitian slaves weren’t able to reproduce under these horrible working conditions. After the french revolution, Haitian slaves were inspired to have a revolution of their own and end slavery. They succeeded and the the country gained its independence in 1804. However, Haiti made lots of money by producing and exporting goods for cheap and when slavery ends it resulted in the country’s economy failing. During the 18th century Haiti struggled to keep a stable government and a president. The country had a hard time finding its identity and in 1915 the U.S took over Haiti for their military. The americans wanted to use Haiti for their own benefit as there have many resources on the island and its geographic location was advantageous. The U.S dominated the government, banks and roads of the island. They also became more and more controlling of Haiti. The population did not like the way they were being treated and they pushed back until in 1934 the U.S officially left Haiti. Ten years later the army slowly took control of Haiti until in 1950 Paul Magloire, who was an army officer, becomes president.  But six years later he stepped down after riot breakouts.In 1957 a man by the name of Francois Duvalier, also known as “Papa Doc”  is elected president. This doctor quickly becomes a dictator and appoints himself president for life in 1964. In 1971, Francois Duvalier dies and his 19 year old , Jean-Claude Duvalier, son becomes president. He is called “Baby Doc” after his father and just like him he appointed himself president for life. However, he was forced to exile the country in 1986 because of his terrible leadership. He was later charged with crimes against humanity which included murder and he died before he could imprisoned. The next president of Haiti is a man called Jean-Bertrand Aristide. This priest was the first democratically elected president of Haiti. However, he is quickly exiled to Venezuela after his administration was overthrown. In 2000, Aristide comes back to Haiti were this time he is elected president again by a majority of the people. But he is overthrown a second time and is sent to exile with the help of the U.S.A, Canada and France. In 2010, a magnitude 7 earthquake hits Haiti which destroys most of the capital. This unfortunate event brought lost of attention and help to Haiti. In that same year Haiti was also hit by a Cholera epidemic which killed more than 10 000 people. This virus was introduced to the country by UN aid workers. However, the UN is protect by law making Haiti defenseless and left to suffer.Haiti has a long history of unstable government and overthrown presidents. It has has had  lots of help from the U.SA , Canada, and other countries over the years. Today, Haiti is perceived as a poor country always in need of help which is interesting considering it used to be one of the world more successful country at one point. Haiti much like the Aboriginal community in Canada is experiencing low living standards today and this is a direct result of their colonisation. Dr. Emma LaRocque explains “Colonizers have always turned to racism to rationalize oppression.”. These two communities were both perceived as inferior and uneducated by their colonizers because they were different and this still follows them until now. When the U.S.A invaded Haiti they though very poorly of the haitian population and here is an example “A U.S. State Department official wrote that Haitians “are not even children in the sense that we use the word, since they have had no ancestry of intelligence as a foundation.” (Bellegarde-Smith, P.,p.103, 2004). This is one of the many examples of what North Americans think of Haiti and in 2018 President Trump called Haiti a “shithole” country. This shows how, after being colonized by the French for their resources and being exploited by other countries, Haiti suffered and still suffers from it’s past 100s of years later. Canada has not helped Haiti grow and become and stable country. It has made sure Haiti doesn’t progress  and stays. Canada has  helped the U.S.A move Aristide out of the country when his government was overthrown. There are two reasons Canada would want to help and it is not because they wanted what was best for Aristide and Haiti. The first being that they wanted to be on the U.S.A is good side and prove themselves to the rest of the world as leading country. The second is that Haiti could produce goods for Canadian factories for relatively cheap and Aristide’s office was helping rise the price of manufacturing in order to grow the country’s economy. Haiti getting a better economy would mean that Canada would have to pay more and that was not acceptable. Canada even hosted an event called the Ottawa initiative on Haiti to discuss how they were going to overthrow Aristide which shows just how badly they didn’t want Haiti to change for the better. In comparison, Canada did similar thing to the Aboriginal community and not help them grow and improve within the country. If the Aboriginal community could be independent without Canada’s need they might one day decided to rebel against Canada. Therefore, in 1884 Potlatch,which is a trading of good between two communities, were banned by the government to weaken the Aboriginal community. Potlatch helped Aboriginal communities be unified and survive food wise and by banning Potlatch the community would require dependance on the Canadian government. In both cases, Canada did something for their own benefit and not for the good of others. By taking something that had no direct impact or threatened on their country but had value to other communities. Instead of helping others grow and become part of the community and world Canada step on them to gain power. Another example of Canadians interfering in Haiti would be Canada’s peacekeeping missions which aren’t really as good as people are lead to believe.  “UN peacekeeping is fraught with abuse and Canada has so far been silent: impunity around infecting post-earthquake Haiti with cholera and its toll of at least 10,000 deaths, UN Peacekeepers’ interference in Haiti’s democratic elections, the lack of accountability for child sexual abuse in the Central African Republic, Sudan, and Haiti.” (The Star, 2010). Canada claims it is helping Haiti even though it has brought medical help it failed when helping the UN with their police training program. The program enforced conflict resolution side more than the humans right side of the police force. This causes people to fear the police instead of rely on them which ultimately helps keep Haiti unstable. In its own country Canada also failed to help a community in need. In 1970, Canada started what is called the residential schools. These school took Aboriginal children from their reserve and educated them under Catholicism in hope to help them integrate Canadian community that are non-Aboriginal and forget their roots. These school ran until the 1990s and left many scared. In these schools children were forced to talk English or French and were often abused. “In 2013, research by food historian Ian Mosby revealed that students at some residential schools in the 1940s and 1950s were subjected to nutritional experiments without their consent or the consent of their parents.” (J.R.Miller, 2012)  Residential school are known today for harm they have inflicted on the Aboriginal community. Even though Prime minister Trudeau has apologised Canada still fails to bring real change to the community.In conclusion, Canada often portrayed as a peacekeeping country seems to bring more problems, than helping others reach their own goals. Canada doesn’t mind stepping all over less powerful communities including some of its own to impress other powerful countries such as the U.S.A. . Canada has done nothing to help improve the lives of others unless there was something to gain. By using aid as a cover to make sure countries such as Haiti don’t grow and keep providing them with resources, Canada shows its true colors. Especially when organising plots to directly interfere with the Haitian government and failing to properly help Haiti with their police force. Canada has gained a quite salty reputation in Haiti. Haiti is just one of the mainy community who suffer from Canada’s interference. How can Canada help other countries when it hasn’t even helped its own ?