Chapter III: ANALYZE THE ABSENCE OF SECURITY AWARENESS AND EFFECTS ON THE ORGANIZATIONAL SECURITY
26.We all know that, security systems will neglect in the absence of a vigilant and antiphonal work force. The nucleus of our work force is the military personnels led by the junior officers, and at present they have failed to go the eyes and ears of the organisation, because of the absence of security consciousness amongst them. In this chapter, at the get downing the sensed menaces those are strike harding the door stairss of our organisation will be discussed. Thereafter, effects for the absence of security consciousness on the organisational security will be discussed and it will be examined whether absence of security consciousness among the soldiers becomes a major menace to the organisation non. In the procedure replies to the primary and 2nd subordinate inquiries would besides be looked for and in bend the hypotheses will be addressed. At the terminal the portrayal will be given its concluding coppice shot by concluding out the causes behind with due accounts.
Menaces to Bangladesh Army
27.Bangladesh due to her strategic location has been a security concern to her possible antagonists since independency. At present Bangladesh Army does non possess the menace of direct military intercession from its possible antagonists, but believes that they have the capacity to destabilise the organisation by maneuvering covert operations as follows:
a.Espionage.“Intelligence activity directed toward the acquisition of information through clandestine agencies and proscribed by the jurisprudence of the state against which it is committed” ( Glossary of Intelligence Footings and Definitions, p.27 ) .
B.Corruption. Corruption can be defined in a figure of ways ; nevertheless on analysis it will be found that all are complementary to each other:
( 1 ) “It is an act or attempted act calculated to sabotage or deviate the trueness of individual with a position to:
( a ) Render him ineffective in the organisation he belongs to.
( B ) Make him co-operative with an unfriendly or enemy country.”
( 2 ) Corruption can be defined as “action designed to sabotage the armed forces, economic, psychological, moral or political strength of a state and/or the trueness of the subjects” ( Glossary of Intelligence Footings and Definitions, p.38 ) .
degree Celsiuss.Sabotage.“An act with an purpose to damage, interfere with, or obstruct by wilfully damaging or destructing or trying to damage or destruct stuff, premises, or public-service corporations, in the involvements of a foreign power or insurgent political organization” ( Joint Services Glossary of Operational Footings, p. S-1 ) .
vitamin D.Cyber Threat. Cyber menace can be defined in figure of ways:
( 1 ) “It is any identified attempt directed toward entree to, exfiltration of, use of, or Impairment to the unity, confidentiality, security, or handiness of informations, an application, or a federal system, without lawful authority” ( Wikipedia, IT Law, n.d ) .
( 2 ) “These are possible cyber events that may do unwanted results, ensuing in injury to a system or organisation where menaces may arise externally or internally and may arise from persons or organizations” ( Wikipedia, IT Law, n.d ) .
vitamin E.Cultural Threat / Subversion.Globalization is loosely presented to us as an accelerated procedure of interaction among states and civilizations, supported by a big array of modern communicating engineerings. The interchange of objects, people and thoughts help an person to better his/her cognition on the occurrences around the universe. But, as a by merchandise they besides become vulnerable to the dark side of the engineering, for which the cultural moralss Bangladesh is confronting the mayhem. A member of Bangladesh Army ever claims to populate a life bounded by codification of honor and religious stance. At present the blow of globalisation is besides holding a deep impact on the nucleus of military manner of life which is subverting/damaging cultural heritage of the state.
Effectss of Absence of Security Awareness on Bangladesh Army
28.Absence of security consciousness gives birth to the ignorance or denial of a menace, and makes it extremely unlikely for a individual to rapidly acknowledge an emerging menace and avoiding it. Therefore, for all members of Bangladesh Army, security consciousness is really of import to guarantee personal security and doing it as a cardinal edifice block in corporate security. The effects of absence of security consciousness in Bangladesh Army are following:
a.Escape of Information.We as a state are really much insensitive about the security of any information and the members of Bangladesh Army are besides non free from it ( Interview, inside informations atAnnex E) . Soon, escape of information has become a common phenomenon, which must non be taken so lightly. There are two chief ways of escape of information ; foremost, via medias from outside the organisation or invasions and secondly, via medias from within the organisation or bulges. Matter of great concern is that many soldiers are affecting themselves in espionage activities ( Case Study, inside informations atAnnex G) . Soldiers of Bangladesh Army are non cognizant about security issues, which makes them vulnerable to be exploited by HIS or vested groups. ( Interview, inside informations atAnnex E) . Escape of information affects the organisational security into a great extent. Existing steps to guarantee security of information are unequal and needs improvement.73 % of the COs/OCs and officers of different units opined in favor of this statement ( inside informations atAnnex- C) .
( Left Blank )
Figure 5: Existing steps to guarantee security of information
as opined by the COs/OCs/Officers
B.Physical Damage/Inability. Non-adherence to the security instructions laid by any organisation can hold lay waste toing effects on its forces. Many soldiers of Bangladesh Army do non adhere the security instructions decently ( Survey-1, inside informations atAnnex C) . We all know that, one of the premier necessity to function as military forces is physical fittingness. It will be an unfortunate event if our under bid become physically unable to execute his/her normal responsibility due to some harm caused by non following the security policies decently. About 50 % COs/OCs and 60 % officers of different units and central offices opine physical harm caused by accident or fire due to absence of security consciousness is presenting a menace to organisational security ( Survey-1, inside informations atAnnex C) .
degree Celsiuss.Casualty of Men and Equipment.In military profession, its work forces and equipment play a major function to ease up the day-to-day work load and maintain the weariness degree within a sustainable bound. So, of course any harm caused to these is straight impacting the overall growing of the organisation. Some illustrations on this subject are as follows:
( 1 ) Accidental Recoilless Rifle ( RR ) fire took away life of officer/other ranks and injured many, because the RR shell was out of day of the month and the responsible individual did non look into it in clip.
( 2 ) Vehicle accident took away life of many military forces and damaged vehicles beyond fix, because the driver was over hurrying and the 2nd Sitter was non cognizant of the state of affairs, etc.
vitamin D.Loss of Property and Materials.In each and every domain of Bangladesh Army, there is “Standing Operational Procedure ( SOP ) ” laid down for the usage of its valuable stuffs. But, go againsting the SOP, when accident causes harm to its belongings and valuable stuffs, so certainly it can hold a annihilating fiscal and emotional effects to the organisation. Some illustrations on this subject are as follows:
( 1 ) Equipment deserving 1000000s in Bangladeshi taka damaged due to landslide, because the Engineer Construction Battalion ( ECB ) violated the SOP and constructed their technology vehicle and equipment sunglassess directly below the underside of a hill.
( 2 ) Small weaponries and heavy arms got bulge and later go useless, because the responsible individual who was supposed to clean it before and after firing did non make so, etc.
vitamin E.Deteriorating State of Discipline and Stability.Day by twenty-four hours the absence of security consciousness is increasing, ensuing great figure of individual/ group penalties which is one of the chief causes for deteriorating province of subject ( Interview, inside informations atAnnex E) . Again these punishments are conveying instability for the punished, every bit good as for the whole organisation. Because, punishment/penalties are given to an person for rectification and which he/she is supposed to accept positively for future benefit, but the uneven instances who takes it in negative position is subjected to perpetrate more indiscipline act in future.
degree Fahrenheit.Demotivated Soldiers.In military we need a motivated group of soldier, whom we can swear with of import undertakings and who can execute independently. But the unethical workss by the soldiers like duplicity in enlisting doing a group of demotivated soldiers within the ground forces ( Interview, inside informations atAnnex E) . There is a common stating within general mass that to be recruited in ground forces, person has to pay money. 52 % respondent opined that it is true and 33 % told that it is partly true ( Survey-2, inside informations atAnnex D) . Every twelvemonth a good figure of soldiers are being recruited in Bangladesh Army. We ne’er know how many of them have to pay money for acquiring the occupation. The person who is acquiring the occupation by paying money, usually he possesses the thought that his superior officer has taken money from him. Thereby, he loses his religion upon his bid channel. Again, as he is from a hapless background, he will hold the purpose to gain excess money by following unjust agencies whenever he will acquire the opportunity.
g.Increased Rate of Divorce.Today, modernism and globalisation have much influence on the overall dimensions of human life including matrimony and divorce. The moving ridge of these has besides touched the present coevals of Bangladesh Army. The unhampered use/excess to overseas telegram Television and cyberspace, inordinate usage of cell phone by about every member of the organisation made them susceptible to the dark side of these modern comfortss. Most of the officers, JCOs and soldiers opined that uncontrolled usage of cell phone, cyberspace and satellite channel doing adulterous personal businesss which has increased rate of divorce among military households and it is presenting a cultural menace to the organisation ( Survey 1 and 2, inside informations atAnnex C and D) .
H.Administrative Burden. Absence of security consciousness is assisting to increase the administrative load in Bangladesh Army ( Interview, inside informations atAnnex E) . Because, being non cognizant of security instructions/policies, people are affecting themselves with certain security related issues which they should non, and the effects are tribunal of enquiry, sum-up of grounds, field general tribunal Martial, other penalties, etc. These all are enforcing a heavy burden on the administrative subdivision of this organisation.
( Left Blank )
Figure 6: Effectss of absence of security consciousness on unit disposal as opined by the COs/OCs/officers
Causes of Absence of Security Awareness
29.Every incident has its ain narrative to state concealing behind the drape. Absence of security consciousness amongst the military forces may hold the undermentioned causes for justification:
a.Lack of Security Education and Training.Security consciousness instruction and preparation is an highly of import facet to guarantee overall security of an organisation. 83 % COs/OCs and 85 % officers of different units and central offices opined that bing security instruction and preparation are non
adequate to guarantee overall security of the organisation ( Survey-1, inside informations atAnnex C) . Most of the interviewees opined deficiency of security instruction and preparation is one of the chief causes of absence of security consciousness among soldiers ( Detailss atAnnex E) . Except intelligence course/ cell for a short period of clip organized merely for a selected batch, there is no general preparation course of study on security related subjects for all military forces ( including civilians amongst us ) ; therefore, most of the members of Bangladesh Army remain wholly uneducated in this respects. This is damaging the organisation from within. Most of the soldiers have non undergone any security instruction or preparation in their service life ( FGDs, inside informations atAnnex F) . The province of soldiers has undergone security instruction and preparation can be seen from the chart below ( Detailss atAnnex D) :
Figure 7: State of soldiersundergone security instruction and preparation as opined by the soldiers
B.Careless Handling of Computer and Internet.Induction of computing machine in Bangladesh Army reduced the occupational jeopardies like documentation/ presentation procedure, but increased the possibility of security breach due to carelessness in its handling and incompetency in utilizing cyberspace through it by the military forces. Soldiers of Bangladesh Army are utilizing societal networking sites without any security safeguards. They are uploading images seting on unvarying and with sensitive military equipment, images inside operation room holding maps with all markers and deployment layout and so on. They are besides uploading their full life on societal networking sites like Facebook, Linkedin, etc. and non utilizing watchwords for protecting the computing machine from information larceny, etc. Matter of great concern is that maximal soldiers do non believe that it may present security menace ( FGDs, inside informations atAnnex F) . Most of the soldiers are non cognizant that possibility of escape of information has increased due careless handling of internet/cell phone ( Detailss atAnnex D ).
( Left Blank )
Figure 8:Possibility of escape of information due to carelesshandling of internet/cell phone as opined by the soldiers
degree Celsiuss.Lack of Supervision by Appropriate Authority. Soon, cheque and balance system by the appropriate authorization in guaranting the security consciousness amongst the soldiers is non working decently. Majority of respondent opined deficiency of correctional checking in the units by superior co-workers and besides by the officers is the cause for absence of security consciousness among soldiers ( Survey-1, inside informations atAnnex C) .
Figure 9:Lack of correctional checking by appropriate authorizationdoing absence of consciousness among soldiers as opined by the COs/OCs/officers
vitamin D.Lack of Motivation. Motivation is the driving force that pushes an single to take action and prosecute his ends. In guaranting the security consciousness amongst the soldiers, at present a deficiency of proper motive is observed in Bangladesh Army forces ( FGDs, inside informations atAnnex F) . Most of the interviewees’ opined deficiency of motive on security is one of the premier causes of absence of security consciousness among soldiers ( Detailss atAnnex E) . In most of the units motive categories on security issues do non held on a regular basis ( Detailss atAnnex D) .
Figure 10: State ofmotive category on security issues held in unit as opined by the soldiers
vitamin E.Natural Reluctance to Security Issues Inherent from Social Background. Naturally as a state we are non security witting. Our soldiers have a reluctance attitude towards security issues which is built-in from societal background Interview, inside informations atAnnex E) . Naturally the individual who has non learnt about ain safety/security before fall ining the ground forces, is much more loath about managing the security issues. All most 80 % COs/OCs and 75 % officers of different units and central offices think that natural reluctance to security issues inherent from societal background presenting a menace to organisational security ( Survey-1, inside informations atAnnex C) .
degree Fahrenheit.Negative attitude Towards Security Check. In military, security cheque refers to the techniques and methods used in protecting its installings, forces and stuffs from accidental/malicious injury, offense and other menaces. Security cheque process is an immoveable portion of military life style although for some of us ; it appears to be give uping their rights or occupying their personal infinite improperly. Military forces do non like the entry control process by MP or RP, responsibility cheque process by responsibility officers/JCOs/NCOs and room review process by seniors etc. About 75 % respondents COs/OCs and officers of different units, central offices and security bureaus agreed that negative attitude towards security cheque by military forces is one of the of import cause for absence of security consciousness ( Survey-1, inside informations atAnnex C) .
g.Use of Head Phone While on Road / Crossing Railway Line. Now a twenty-four hours, usage of caput phone while on route has become a common image inside the camp and in fact in the whole state every bit good. Military forces extensively utilizing earphones attached with the Mobile while transposing inside/outside the camp particularly seting on civil garb and going incognizant about the environing country, and perpetrating accidents. A good figure of soldiers are utilizing caput phone while on route for communicating, listening music and for looking smart ( Survey-2, inside informations atAnnex D) .
H.Materialistic Attitude.Materialism means preoccupation with the material universe or to the theory that physical affair is all there is. It encourages acquisitiveness, the amassing of wealth and power, and nourishes greed. Our soldiers are affecting in espionage activities, false enlisting and MLM companies due to mercenary attitude and greed ( Interview, inside informations atAnnex E) . Most of the COs/OCs and officers have opined that mercenary attitude amongst soldiers presenting a menace to organisational security.
Figure 11: Effectss of mercenary attitude on organisational security
as opined by the COs/OCs/officers
J.Non-Adherence to Existing Security Policies. It is widely agreed that a cardinal menace to security of an organisation is caused by careless members who do non adhere to the bing security policies and instructions laid down by his/her organisation. In Bangladesh Army security policies those are soon in trend non practiced decently. Lack of execution of policies is a major cause for absence of consciousness. Policies and directives should be seasonably and accommodating with the clip demand ( Interview, inside informations atAnnex E) .State of attachment towards security policies/instructions by the soldiers can be seen from the chart below:
Figure 12:Soldier’s attachment province towards security policies/instructionsas opined by the COs/OCs/officers
K.Other Causes.Other causes specific to absence of security consciousness are:
( 1 ) Carelessness in managing official paperss.
( 2 ) Careless smoke and improper firefighting patterns.
( 3 ) Talk over cell phone while driving.
30.In this chapter, the thought that absence of security consciousness among soldiers presenting a major menace to the organisation was verified through study, interview and instance survey. In the study maximal COs, OCs and mid-level officer respondents agreed with the statement in most instances. All interviewees opined that our soldiers are non cognizant about security issues and their consciousness degree is non in a good province. Though half of the interviewees opined that menace degree due to absence of security consciousness among soldiers at moderate degree, but rest of them think that it is presenting a major menace to the organisation. Though the effects separately non presenting a greater menace, but the accumulative effects caused by the absence of security consciousness presenting a major menace to the organisation. Thereafter, province of escape of information due to espionage activities, physical harm or inability, loss of belongings and stuffs, deteriorating province of subject and stableness, mercenary attitude of soldiers, administrative load etc. indicates that soldiers are non cognizant about security issues and twenty-four hours by twenty-four hours it is deteriorating. As a consequence, sing the environment of modern warfare absence of security consciousness among soldiers is doing the organisation more vulnerable to our possible antagonists which in bend going a major menace for Bangladesh Army. Therefore in this chapter the 2nd secondary inquiry every bit good as the primary inquiry is besides addressed.