People with avoidant personality disorder display a pattern
of behaviour which begins early during their teenage years, with some characteristics
such as extreme anxiety, shyness, feelings of inadequacy and fear of rejection.
(Drago, Marogna & Sogaard, 2016). Nowadays, about 1–2% of the world
population suffer from avoidant personality disorder (Sanislow, Bartolini &
Zoloth, 2012). Those people tend to avoid social interaction because they are afraid
of criticisms and judgements from others. Moreover, the fear of rejection makes
them choose to be lonely rather than form relationships, except with some
people who are close to them, in the belief that they will not be rejected
(Gluck, 2016). All of this affects patients’ life badly and makes it difficult not
only for them to interact with society but also for psychologist and psychiatrist
to deal with this serious problem. This paper, with the aim of raising people
knowledge about avoidant personality disorder (APD), is conducted to provide
information about the symtoms, causes and treatments of APD.Researcher
and scientists do not know exactly what are the reasons of avoidant personality
disorder, althought it is theorized by a number of experts that there are
genetic, social and psychological factors contribute to the this mental problem’s
causes (Bressert, 2017). First of all, gene is possibly a reason for this
illness. A study conducted in Norway on teenagers indicated that the inheritability
of APD is between 27% and 35%. Moreover, approximately 83% of these genes also
have some connections with other personality disorders (Lucida Treatment,
2014). Secondly, this disorder appears may be due to the impact of social
environment on people. Lucida Treatment (2014) states that APD individuals do
not learn appropriate coping skills to deal with social challenges from their
childhood and adolescence. Consequently, they become shy and afraid of facing
new situation and have a possibility of having APD.

As reported
by Gluck (2016), many APD patients have sorrowful experiences when they were a child,
which involve in ruthless criticism and neglect from their parents. 

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